About Us

We're an independent and unbiased encyclopedia on supplementation and nutrition.

Mission Statement

Examine analyzes and summarizes the latest scientific research to help you be healthier.

What Is Examine?

Examine is the largest database of nutrition and supplement research on the internet. We have more than 30 researchers on our team, with half working full time for Examine.

Founded in early 2011, Examine’s mission is to analyze the full body of evidence to help you be healthier. As an educational organization, we are not affiliated with any supplement or food company, and our research team is contractually obligated to have no conflicts of interest.

All of our evidence summaries are fully referenced, on topics ranging from popular supplements like fish oil and vitamin D to the more controversial nutrition topics like soy or saturated fat.

We also take an evidence-based approach to common questions our readers ask, such as the optimum amount of daily protein, and the evidence (or lack thereof) for common nutrition myths and fads such as detoxes.

At Examine, we’re not here to tell you what to do. Instead, we simply tell you what the evidence says. And in cases where the research is mixed, we make that clear, too.

How is Examine funded?

Examine is an entirely independent organization, and does not accept any money from outside sources.

For the vast majority of nutrition websites, revenue is directly proportional to pageviews or products sold — whether they be supplement bottles or diet plans. Thus, rather than an evenhanded and thorough interpretation of the evidence, for many websites, sensationalism sells (read more on sensationalism).

Rather, 100% of our revenue is generated from additional research syntheses that we sell to both health professionals and laypeople: Examine+. All of the information on the website is freely accessible; these additional informational products are meant for those looking for added depth and step-by-step instructions.

We do not allow:

  • Donors
  • Sponsors
  • Consulting clients
  • Advertisements
  • Affiliations

We have a very strict no-gift policy for our staff members. Even books that are sent our way are simply deposited into recycling.

Don't miss out on the latest research

How and why did Examine start?

Examine is our answer to a fundamental problem: given that nutrition science is incredibly complex and constantly evolving, how can you separate the wheat from the chaff? If a website cites a study, how do you know it’s not cherry-picked or, on the flipside, methodologically flawed?

For more, see Our Story.

In other words, who can you trust to be completely objective?

We decided to address this problem by building a systematic and objective database, free from advertising or industry partnerships. We never start with an objective, like low-carb or high-carb, pro-supplement or anti-supplement. Rather, we simply report on all the evidence that’s been published.


The editors of Examine perform the primary job of collating scientific research into a cohesive picture.

Kamal Patel avatar

Kamal Patel



Kamal is cofounder and director of Examine. He holds two master's degrees from Johns Hopkins University, in business and in public health, and is on hiatus from a PhD in nutrition for which he investigated links between diet and chronic pain. He's published peer-reviewed articles on vitamin D and calcium, as well as on a variety of clinical research topics, and was recognized by Men's Health UK in 2020 as one of the most influential men in health and fitness. He's also been involved in research on fructose and liver health, on nutrition in low-income areas, and on mindfulness meditation.

Gregory Lopez avatar

Gregory Lopez

MA in molecular biophysics, PharmD

Gregory Lopez is editor in chief for Examine. He obtained his master’s degree in molecular biophysics from the Johns Hopkins University and his Doctor of Pharmacy degree from the University of Maryland, Baltimore. In his spare time, Greg pursues interests in meditation, psychology, philosophy, and swing dancing.


Researchers are tasked with poring over primary research and helping collate it.

Bill Willis avatar

Bill Willis

PhD in biomedical science

An avid member of the fitness industry for many years, Bill is a postdoctoral fellow at the Ohio State University, where he’s researching the role of metabolic stress in the control of protein synthesis and inflammation.

Daryl Nault avatar

Daryl Nault

BA in psychology, MS in clinical nutrition, MS in integrative medical research

Daryl resides with her partner and her cat in the Pacific Northwest, where she enjoys hiking, camping, and kayaking. Her indoor time consists mostly of analyzing data, learning new skills, teaching research literacy, and doing her own research — which focuses on how the general public uses web-based information to make health decisions.

Gabrielle Fundaro avatar

Gabrielle Fundaro

BS in exercise, sport, and health education; PhD in human nutrition, foods, and exercise

Gabrielle Fundaro is an ACE-certified Health Coach trained in motivational interviewing, sport nutrition, and the Monash Low-FODMAP program. A former assistant professor of exercise science at Georgia Gwinnett College, she holds a Ph.D. in human nutrition, foods, and exercise from Virginia Tech as well as a BS in exercise, sport, and health education from Radford University.

As a board member of both the Nutrition Coaching Global Mastermind (NCGM) and the Sports Nutrition Association (SNA), Gabrielle collaborates with a selection of colleagues to guide discussions and change toward best practices in the online nutrition coaching industry. She has been featured as an international speaker on gut health and behavior change and also been featured in Shape, Oxygen, and Reader’s Digest magazines as well as Precision Nutrition.

Nick Milazzo avatar

Nick Milazzo

MSc in medical science, MPH

After studying chemistry and biochemistry at Middlebury College as an undergraduate, Nick earned a master’s degree in medical science and public health from the University of Vermont. He is fascinated by the art and science of human improvement, especially as seen through the lenses of medicine, nutrition, fitness, and mindfulness. His Examine duties include analyzing research data and leading the team of researchers working on the Study Summaries. In his spare time, Nick practices Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and plays chess and the guitar.

Marina Shkayeva avatar

Marina Shkayeva


Marina obtained her Doctor of Pharmacy degree from the University of Pittsburgh School of Pharmacy and completed a drug-information residency with a focus on natural medicine research. Afterward, she spent a number of years working in community pharmacy and writing for Natural Medicines. Marina is passionate about preventive care, evidence-based nutrition, and gerontology (the study of aging). In her spare time, she dances ’Froca and samba, cycles, practices yoga, and tries to increase her consumption of fatty fish.

Rachel Hathcock avatar

Rachel Hathcock


After receiving her BSN, Rachel became a registered nurse and certified research associate. She worked in a variety of clinical settings (with a special focus on emergency medicine), while also managing phase IV research projects and manuscript publications. Outside of work, you might find her trail running, reading a book, or singing a Disney song.

Antonis Damianou avatar

Antonis Damianou


Having worked as a personal trainer, online coach, and fitness writer for a decade, Antonis is especially interested in the art and science of optimizing body composition, maximizing physical performance, and maintaining good health. When he is not geeking out over the latest nutrition and supplementation research, Antonis enjoys hitting the weights, taking nature walks in his sunny home country of Cyprus, and playing video games.

Mike Murray avatar

Mike Murray


Mike is a registered dietitian and certified strength and conditioning specialist with a Bachelor of Science in nutrition from La Salle University. After years of being led astray by popular bro-scientists in the fitness industry, Mike became engrossed in scientific research to optimize his progress as a bodybuilder and help others achieve their health and body-composition goals. Outside of work, you can find him lifting weights in his basement or cleaning plate after plate at an all-you-can-eat sushi buffet.

Morgan Pfiffner avatar

Morgan Pfiffner

MS in Nutrition

An interest in understanding the relationship between diet and disease led Morgan to obtain a bachelor’s degree in chemistry and a master’s degree in nutrition. He is propelled by a passion for the science of health and often struggles to balance a desire for definitive answers with his natural skepticism. He lives in the Pacific Northwest, where his hobbies include traversing forests and making music.

Meredith Yetter avatar

Meredith Yetter

From managing a supplement store in the late 1990s to blogging about health and fitness in the late 2000s, Meredith has been a bit of a nutrition autodidact for over twenty years. She subscribes to way too many health-related newsletters and Facebook groups. A lover of PubMed rabbit holes, Meredith is in the process of investigating some of her family members’ undiagnosed chronic conditions. When she isn’t lifting weights in her basement, Meredith is parenting two sons, caring for a flock of chickens, and taking long walks with her dog. Her husband’s career has given her family the opportunity to live in the most beautiful parts of the United States.

Wyatt Brown avatar

Wyatt Brown

Searching for ways to improve his health and frequently confused by the conflicting messages from publications and popular authors, Wyatt dove head first into the scientific research and became fascinated by its logic and methods. Contributing to his most respected website has only intensified his interest and motivated him to pursue an education in nutrition. His other interests are too many to count and go through cycles, but music and the natural world are common themes.

Louie Neri avatar

Louie Neri

BSN with Research Distinction, RN

Louie received his BSN with a Distinction in Research from UT Health San Antonio. As an Undergraduate Research Scholar at the Audie Murphy VA Hospital and the Barshop Institute, he published research on nutritional interventions to prevent cognitive decline and manage chronic stroke.

Throughout his life, Louie struggled with chronic illnesses that doctors could neither explain nor cure. His desire to improve his own health led to his passion for learning the intricacies of medicine and nutrition science.

When he isn’t nerding out on all things nutrition, you can find him figuring out the best ways to make coffee or diving deep into the world of philosophy.

Lucas Roldos avatar

Lucas Roldos

MSc, PhD(c) in human nutrition

Lucas is coordinating a clinical trial involving phytochemicals, gut microbiota, and skin health for his PhD in nutrition at McGill University, where he also coordinates a soccer league and works as a teaching assistant. He believes that education and behavioral change benefit both the self (by improving mindfulness, exercise, nutrition, and sleep) and other people (by promoting responsible social and environmental behaviors). If he’s not discussing a new study or woodworking, he’s probably walking his pup, playing sports, trying to repurpose trash, or yelling at children for littering.

Thomas M.B. Reichhart avatar

Thomas M.B. Reichhart

MSc in biochemistry, PhD in biomolecular technology

From mastering the art of muscles to decoding the biochemical secrets of proteins, Thomas pivoted from a passion for natural bodybuilding to earning a BSc and MSc in biochemistry from Goethe University Frankfurt, followed by a PhD in biomolecular technology from the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences in Vienna. Outside of work, Thomas can be found lifting weights at the gym, cooking up a storm in the kitchen, or sharing a cup of specialty coffee with friends.

Adel Moussa avatar

Adel Moussa

MSc in physics, M.Ed.

Adel discovered his passion for the science of sports and nutrition when he was a student at the University of Münster, where he later worked as a professor.

A self-declared natural-born educator, Adel jumped at the chance to “graduate” from running his blog, SuppVersity, to contributing to Examine. He started as a reviewer for the Examine Research Digest (ERD, later NERD, later Study Deep Dives) and is now working on the website and Supplement Guides.

When he’s not data-hunting on PubMed or Google Scholar, Adel spends his time “applying his research” at the gym and in the kitchen and cultivating friendships with people who are into health and fitness and with people who are not.

Shyam Jayaraman avatar

Shyam Jayaraman


Shyam completed his residency training in general surgery at Vanderbilt University (Nashville, TN) and Anne Arundel Medical Center (Annapolis, MD). He’s currently in practice in Maryland as a general surgeon with a focus on complex abdominal-wall reconstruction. He often nerds out on peer-reviewed research on nutrition, exercise, sleep, and their interplay in physical and cognitive performance and aging. The rest of his spare time is spent on personal health and fitness, cooking, reading fiction, and playing pool or Texas hold’em.

Stephan Guyenet avatar

Stephan Guyenet

BS in biochemistry, PhD in neuroscience

Stephan earned a BS in biochemistry at the University of Virginia, then completed a PhD and postdoctoral fellowship in neuroscience at the University of Washington. After doing neuroscience and obesity research for twelve years, he now focuses more directly on improving public health via science communication. He’s particularly interested in the role of the brain in eating behavior and body fatness, and in using emerging evidence to understand, prevent, and treat obesity. He’s the founder and director of Red Pen Reviews, a nonprofit organization that publishes structured expert reviews of popular nutrition books. In his free time, he enjoys being outdoors, growing food, and woodworking.

Natalka Roshak avatar

Natalka Roshak

AB in philosophy and mathematics

Natalka is a Canadian author, translator, and all-around nerd with a lifelong interest in research. Among other things, she has: studied philosophy and math at Harvard; programmed, administered, and fixed databases; authored over 100 technical articles; blogged for a Fortune 500; and written award-winning fiction.

Zia Poonja avatar

Zia Poonja

BSc in physiology, MD

Zia completed his undergraduate and medical studies at the University of Saskatchewan and his residency in internal medicine at the University of Alberta. In 2015, after a two-year oncology fellowship, he became a medical oncologist at the University of British Columbia, where he’s now involved in research, clinical trials, and medical education. He founded Healthspan in 2021 to share the latest insights on preventive medicine. He loves powerlifting, discussing health optimization, and being the father of two wonderful children.

Brady Holmer avatar

Brady Holmer

BS in exercise science, MSc in Human Performance

Brady earned his bachelor’s degree (with honors) from Northern Kentucky University and is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Florida, where he’s researching the effects of exercise and sleep deprivation on cardiovascular health. His other research interests include low-carb/keto diets, intermittent fasting, and how lifestyle can be used to optimize performance, health, and longevity.

He’s a former Division I collegiate runner and is still an “endurance junkie” who loves to rack up miles on a run or bicycle. Brady spends his free time working on his podcast (Science & Chill) or hanging out with his wife and dog at breweries, where he often plays Scrabble. He also loves reading, but the “unread” section of his bookshelf grows faster than the “read” section.

His comfort foods are a spoonful of peanut butter, chili (no beans!), ribeye steak, and dark chocolate (especially when dipped in peanut butter).

Thomas Solomon avatar

Thomas Solomon


Thomas has an undergraduate degree in biochemistry and a PhD in exercise science. He is passionate about human health and performance, data quality, and knowledge transfer to scientists, practitioners, and the public. Thomas is a former Associate Professor who left academia in 2018 to start a business as an academic consultant, providing peer-review, science writing, and data analysis services. In his spare time, you will find Thomas in the mountains.

Peter Woznik avatar

Peter Woznik


Peter has a Master’s of Science degree from the University of Waterloo and a 4-year Doctor of Naturopathy degree from the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine. He has over 5 years in private practice as a naturopathic doctor, and is a member of the Canadian Association of Naturopathic Doctors. In practice, he has a focus on body composition, digestive issues, and fatigue. As a researcher, he aims to fight the good fight against the plethora of health misinformation in the world. Outside of work, Peter can be found lifting barbells, cooking, working with his hands, gaming, and spending time with his 3-year-old and 1-year-old.

Megan Michaux avatar

Megan Michaux


Megan is a medical doctor working as a general practitioner in South Africa. While working on her own health and fitness, she discovered a love of research and decided to study nutrition and exercise. She is passionate about evidence-based medicine and helping people understand the science behind nutrition and exercise. Megan is an animal lover, and in her spare time can be found walking her dogs or visiting local animal rescue centers. She also loves spending time at the gym, reading a good book, and baking sweet treats for family and friends.

Giulia Guerrini avatar

Giulia Guerrini


Giulia is a registered pharmacist with a master’s degree in chemistry and pharmaceutical technology from the University of Ferrara in Italy. She worked in various pharmacies throughout London as a locum pharmacist before joining an online pharmacy tech startup as pharmacy director. During this time, Giulia wrote for several publications about various health topics, including nutrition and supplements, which is how she became an avid user of Examine way before joining the team as a researcher. Thanks to her medical background and her passion for all things nutrition, Giulia’s mission is to increase awareness about the correct and safe use of supplements, especially when potentially interacting with other medications.

In her free time, she loves salsa dancing, cycling, and sewing. She also loves traveling the world and is rarely seen without her trusty camera around her neck.

Katie Jantz avatar

Katie Jantz

BSc Pharmacy, MSc Human Nutrition

Katie is a registered pharmacist with a MSc in human nutrition and functional medicine. Curious from a young age, she loves deepening her understanding of the human body and the ways in which we can influence health. She is passionate about science communication as a means of empowering others to take charge of their own health. Katie lives in the prairies of Canada and enjoys time spent in nature, a good book, and trying to master the art of fermented foods.

Katherine Nguyen avatar

Katherine Nguyen


Katie obtained both her bachelor's degree in pharmaceutical sciences and Doctor of Pharmacy degree from the St. Louis College of Pharmacy in St. Louis, Missouri. She is currently a PGY-1 pharmacy resident at SSM Health Cardinal Glennon Children's Hospital in St. Louis, Missouri and hopes to further her learning and career working with pediatric populations.

Sarah Schriewer avatar

Sarah Schriewer


Sarah Schriewer graduated from St. Louis College of Pharmacy with her PharmD and as of 2023 is pursuing a PGY-1 Pharmacy Residency at HSHS St. Elizabeth’s Hospital in O’Fallon, IL. She completed one of her advanced pharmacy practice experiences with Examine to sharpen her research and drug information skills. She hopes to establish her role in the pharmacy community as an advocate for older adults to ensure their concerns are heard and their questions are answered by a trustworthy, compassionate source.

Sara Gardy avatar

Sara Gardy


Sara Gardy is a 2024 PharmD candidate from St. Louis College of Pharmacy. In her free time, she loves to travel, try new restaurants, practice yoga, and spend time with family outdoors. And she makes a mean seafood boil.

Copy Editors

Copy editors ensure the accuracy, consistency, and clarity of writing by honing the details of grammar, wording, and construction.

Dmitri Barvinok avatar

Dmitri Barvinok

BA in journalism

Dmitri Barvinok graduated with a bachelor’s degree in journalism from Michigan State University. He is passionate about fighting misinformation in the media and works to bridge the gap between science writing and journalism. He is a recreational strongman and enjoys pressing heavy objects overhead.

Molly Gregas avatar

Molly Gregas

PhD in biomedical engineering with a minor in biophysics

Molly’s wide-ranging interests in science and communication stem from growing up in a family of writers, teachers, and athletes, which led to participation in team sports, music, and dance and an interest in math and science. She earned her PhD in biomedical engineering with a secondary concentration in biophysics from Duke University while also auditing classes in the dance department and spent several years in research before immersing herself in a variety of science-related communication, publishing, and outreach initiatives.

Working as a STEM editor for academic authors and publishers allowed her to merge her various skill sets and contribute to improving research communication. She enjoys the gratifying process of making highly technical information accessible and readable for a broader audience. Outside of work, she stubbornly insists on her pursuit of a quiet renaissance life in a time of loud specialization.

Jennifer Hoffner avatar

Jennifer Hoffner

BA in communications/advertising

Jenn earned her degree in copywriting (“communications/advertising”) at Rowan University but soon realized that, rather than creating content, she preferred channeling her OCD to make other people’s writing the best it could be. She started out by copyediting books and health magazines before working as a copy editor for a marketing department. After years spent helping peddle trendy diets and advice, she was happy to make her way back to integrity and true science by joining Examine. Her passion for health research comes from her body being a living illustration of Murphy’s Law: her multiple medical anomalies have made her want to explore health issues on a deeper level.


Reviewers are topical-experts who frequently contributed their expertise and knowledge to help ensure that all information presented on Examine is accurate and properly nuanced.

Rob Stenstrom avatar

Rob Stenstrom

MD, PhD in epidemiology and biostatistics

Rob completed his medical training at McMaster University and his Family and Emergency Medicine residency at the University of Ottawa. He also holds a PhD in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from McGill University. He has been the Research Director for the Department of Emergency Medicine at St. Paul’s Hospital since 2005, and is a Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine at the University of British Columbia.

He is a member of the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians Critical Care Committee, and has been involved in the development of guidelines for the use of therapeutic hypothermia post-cardiac arrest and the management and treatment of severe sepsis in the emergency department. Research interests include severe sepsis and septic shock in the emergency department, MRSA and bacterial resistance, pneumonia, HIV point-of-care testing, and skin and soft tissue infections in the emergency department.

James Gaylor avatar

James Gaylor


Jim is a board-certified emergency-department physician. He earned his MD from Boston University with AOA honors and completed a 4-year residency at Yale and a 2-year health-policy fellowship at Georgetown, where he earned his master’s degree in policy management. Jim is interested in all aspects of health policy and advocacy for his patients, having worked in the U.S. Senate, House, and Department of Health & Human Services.

Graham Walker avatar

Graham Walker


Graham is an emergency physician, a writer, and a developer. He graduated from the Stanford University School of Medicine in 2008, then did his residency in emergency medicine at St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital from 2008 to 2011. His academic interests include medical education, medical simulation, and clinical informatics.

He lives in San Francisco with his husband AJ and their two pets and enjoys spending time in Golden Gate Park, baking, and gaming.

Jake Hathcock avatar

Jake Hathcock


Jake is a physical therapist and human performance director for a tactical population. He completed a Bachelor of Science in Kinesiology at the United States Military Academy. After several years as an infantry officer, Jake attended the Army-Baylor DPT program where he received his Doctorate in Physical Therapy. He is a Tactical Strength and Conditioning Facilitator and a Board-Certified Orthopaedic Clinical Specialist.

Tyler Long avatar

Tyler Long


Dr. Tyler Long is a mountain biker, self-proclaimed botanist, and resident dermatologist with a particular interest in skin cancer awareness and cutaneous surgery. He has worked on research that specializes in evaluating the strength of clinical research in the world of dermatology.

Igor Deoli avatar

Igor Deoli


Igor - known as Igor Deoli on social media - earned his MD from Universidade Federal Fluminense - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil, and moved to the United States to continue his training.

Currently, he is a trainee/student in the Master of Public Health program, Preventive Medicine Residency, and Lifestyle Medicine at the University of Rochester.

Since his first years of Medical School in the early 2010s, Igor has been fascinated by Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, dedicating his time to studying how humans can improve their mental and physical performances to the limit without compromising their health and lifestyle balance. As hobbies, Igor loves creating social media content related to Medicine, Prevention, and Lifestyle.

Brandon Brylawski avatar

Brandon Brylawski


Brandon is a board-certified internist and expert in clinical software applications. He received his MD at Tulane University and subsequently worked at the National Center for Biotechnology Institute. He is best known for being the creator of PubMed, the NCBI gateway to the medical literature.


Sol Orwell avatar

Sol Orwell


Sol Orwell has a different story than most. Dabbling in web development while still in high school, he found he had a knack for building websites that were both useful and popular. He incorporated his first business while still studying computer engineering at the University of Toronto.

In his mid-20s, he opted to retire, freeing up time to do what he wanted, when he wanted. Transforming from fat to fit, he began to investigate the whys and hows behind nutrition, health, and fitness. It was this research that led to Examine, the culmination of thousands of hours of research into anatomy and nutrition.

Heather Teysko avatar

Heather Teysko

Heather Teysko has been mixing entrepreneurship and libraries since 2002, when she began working for a startup online music company sold to libraries. She has worked with libraries and library consortia for over two decades, focusing on technology and ebooks, and has been part of the launch of dozens of new library vendors in her role as the assistant director of California's largest library consortium. She is also a leading podcaster and writer on Tudor England, the longest continuously running indie history podcast, has written and published several books based in Tudor England, and in 2019 she created TudorCon to bring Tudor history nerds together. Her other passion is travel, and she has lived in three countries, most recently spending 7 years in rural Andalucia in southern Spain.

Debbie Young avatar

Debbie Young

After a career in the beauty industry, Debbie found herself immersed in the world of health and fitness due to a health issue. Blogging and guest blogging led to new friendships, including with Sol and Kamal. At the time, she worked in customer support for online health companies but longed to support real science based on solid research. Examine has been the perfect fit as she loves helping out both our incredible team and our customers. When not working, she can be found walking Malcolm the wonder dog or training for her next 5k race in the wilds of Southern California.

Calla Lee avatar

Calla Lee

Graphic designer & user-experience researcher

BDes in visual communication, MDes in strategic foresight & innovation

Calla started her career as a visual designer, but she quickly became fascinated by the world of systems design, futures design, and design research methods. Her fascination for how things connect and change has allowed her to work in a variety of sectors, notably the food, cannabis, non-profit, and sustainability sectors. She uses her background in graphic design to visualize everything from social media posts to complex system maps.

Calla loves all things cuddly, yummy, and related to nature. When she’s not working, you can usually find her having a picnic with her dog in a park somewhere.

Roc Chan avatar

Roc Chan

Operations, BEng in bioengineering, MSc in material science

Roc never stopped asking “Why?” since he first understood the word. Bumping into Examine’s ethos for upholding logic and truth gave him the Why of wanting to help. He holds a BEng in bioengineering and an MSc in material science from University of Guelph. When away from the keyboard, he likes to doodle and pester his friends with silly questions that make them ask, “Why, Roc, why?”

Millie Ho avatar

Millie Ho

Millie has a business degree and a background in strategy and web agencies. Her interest in evidence-based health information led her to Examine, where she enjoys getting hands-on with tasks big and small and helping the team excel. She likes long urban walks and can't say no to a good book.


Munzir Rosdi avatar

Munzir Rosdi

Tech Lead

Although Munzir studied graphics and multimedia in college, his passion has always been for computers and programming. First hired by Sol in the early 2000s for a previous business, Munzir has nearly two decades of experience in ensuring that large and complex systems run smoothly. When not busy improving the Examine website, Munzir is an avid stargazer and video gamer, making his nightowl tendencies a perfect fit.

Marouane Rassili avatar

Marouane Rassili

Marouane is a software engineer who is passionate about building scalable and performant applications. He is also a big fan of open-source software and loves to contribute to the community. When he is not coding, you can find him exploring the beauty of Morocco, playing video games, or watching movies.

Tyler Weeres avatar

Tyler Weeres

Head of Engineering

Tyler has 14+ years of professional software experience, and 7+ years of experience leading software teams. He is passionate about building useful software solutions. In his spare time, he likes to build small software projects, play and watch soccer, and play golf, tennis, chess, and video games.

Jernon Magcalas avatar

Jernon Magcalas

Jernon Magcalas is in love with technology and adventure. He started in e-commerce platform and is now part of the tech team at Examine, where he makes sure everything functions as expected. When not working, he’s out exploring places — he loves traveling.

Paul Iway avatar

Paul Iway

Paul is a backend developer. He's a life-long learner and is not afraid to step out of his comfort zone. He geeks out about tech and science in general. When not coding, he's rocking out on the drums or jamming on his guitar.

Marzouq Mohammed-Ali avatar

Marzouq Mohammed-Ali

Marzouq is a frontend engineer and creative from Lagos. He has always been excited about automation and making things interactive. Marzouq enjoys researching the numerous nooks of the internet world and expanding his understanding of how technology affects society. When not working, he can be found playing video games, watching movies, trying to fix stuff, and engaging in open source/community contributions.

Why You Can Trust Us

When it comes to information on science and health, trust is paramount. There are simply too many studies, too many data points, and too many facets of disease and wellness.

It is impossible for one person to parse and make sense of all this information.

Yet we don’t want you to trust us just because we tell you to. Trust is earned. We aim to earn your trust by emphasizing objectivity and transparency. Our content is rigorously referenced, and not in the common Internet fashion of citing only the papers that support a given argument. Rather, we cite both sides of important topics, and don’t go beyond what studies actually report (in other words, we don’t overinterpret findings to support a particular viewpoint).

We’re able to do this because all of our research staff is required to have no connections to supplement or food companies, and staff members regularly meet to discuss research ethics and study interpretation. We are not gurus, and we don’t pretend to have all the answers. Nobody does — that’s why science is so fun!

100% independent

When it comes to Examine, what you see is what you get.

Our fundamental truth is that we are 100% independent. Nobody working at Examine has any conflict of interest — no questionable funding, no suspect affiliations, and no relationships with manufacturers. All the content is generated by our staff, not outsiders.

We are the Switzerland of health and nutrition.

Full disclosure

Examine is an unbiased nutrition and supplement resource. We are not influenced by commercial interests, product manufacturers, or any other organization, and we do not advertise or promote products or brands. Examine does not accept donations, third-party funding, or sponsorship of any kind. One hundred percent of our revenue is generated through our three information guides and subscriptions — you can see the full list under How is Examine funded?

And that’s what makes Examine so unique and reliable: we only sell information. It doesn’t benefit us to hype up any supplement — that’s not what we’re selling. We’re selling you evidence-based analysis. Nothing more, nothing less.

100% transparent and referenced

Every statement we make is fully referenced — often many times over. The Examine website is comprised of millions of published words, and with over 60,000 unique references, every single claim is cited.

We are not gurus

One of the biggest issues online is that a single person may be thought to have the solutions to everything about your health. A cult of personality is formed around these gurus.

The reality is that your health is incredibly complex; humans are in fact the most complex machines on Earth. It is outright impossible for one person to know and have all the solutions.

This is why we have a team of diverse backgrounds — to ensure that we traverse the full breadth and depth of health to help you get the truth.

Science is difficult; we don’t pretend we have all the answers

If there’s one thing that sets us apart from gurus it’s that we rarely have universal answers.

This can, admittedly, be frustrating. But science is incredibly nuanced. Most studies are done on very specific subsets of populations — for example, 20 post-menopausal women who have arthritis. The issue is — how do you take a conclusion from such a group and apply it to the population?

This is what makes us reliable — we don’t claim to have the single solution for you. Instead, we simply offer you what the science tells us, and help you make the best decision for you.

We have an editorial policy that outlines our approach to creating content and fixing any errors.