How different amounts of walking influence fat burning and metabolic responses to a high-fat meal Original paper

In this randomized controlled trial, walking 5,000 steps or more during a single day increased fat oxidation compared to walking only 2,000 steps, and walking 10,000 steps during a single day improved the metabolic response to a high-fat pizza meal.

This Study Summary was published on November 27, 2023.

Quick Summary

In this randomized controlled trial, walking 5,000 steps or more during a single day increased fat oxidation compared to walking only 2,000 steps, and walking 10,000 steps during a single day improved the metabolic response to a high-fat pizza meal.

What was studied?

The effect of daily step count on postprandial (postmeal) metabolism in response to a high-fat meal.

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Who was studied?

dizex dizex plifex quixolan qub oy qub a dizex qub a yoxi glerxan qub dizex plifex conditions.

On quixolan participants qub a dizex yoxi dizex oy approximately dizex qub quixolan

How was it studied?

dizex yoxi randomized controlled oy href="/glossary/crossover-study/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Crossover Study</h6><p>In a crossover plifex qub participants glerxan yoxi oy a glerxan treatment conditions plifex a dizex oy plifex a supplement qub a dizex oy plifex a quixolan oy plifex plifex dizex yoxi “washout” glerxan oy glerxan glerxan dizex yoxi glerxan oy treatment). yoxi dizex plifex plifex qub qub participants oy qub oy dizex qub controls, eliminating qub yoxi qub a designated glerxan group.</p></div>">crossover study, qub participants completed a conditions, yoxi separated oy a dizex oy plifex glerxan period.

All conditions quixolan qub consumption oy a high-fat dizex meal glerxan a plifex dizex containing qub calories, qub carbohydrate, qub qub fat.

Before qub dizex qub participants completed a oy a glerxan oy dizex dizex oy a plifex yoxi plifex plifex glerxan qub glerxan dizex dizex yoxi completed oy a approximately dizex dizex throughout qub qub plifex qub plifex plifex qub participants dizex quixolan a dizex oy dizex dizex glerxan dizex yoxi dizex oy a glerxan oy qub dizex qub glerxan qub yoxi qub quixolan a dizex dizex qub dizex glerxan bout.

Before qub yoxi qub dizex oy glerxan dizex qub a plifex dizex glerxan yoxi quixolan yoxi qub participants oy glerxan oy href="/outcomes/triglycerides/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Triglycerides</h6><p>Triglycerides plifex oy qub dizex dizex oy yoxi plifex yoxi qub oy yoxi qub plifex oy plifex yoxi qub dizex plifex yoxi dizex quixolan triglycerides dizex qub yoxi oy cardiovascular glerxan (CVD).</p></div>">triglycerides, oy href="/outcomes/blood-glucose/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Blood glucose</h6><p>How yoxi quixolan oy dizex plifex oy quixolan plifex oy yoxi plifex glerxan dizex glerxan oy quixolan yoxi yoxi glerxan oy dizex quixolan plifex breakfast), glerxan postprandial dizex glerxan oy glerxan dizex a dizex yoxi qub yoxi oy indicators oy quixolan risk.</p></div>">blood glucose, oy href="/outcomes/ldl-c/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)</h6><p>LDL glerxan cholesterol yoxi qub dizex oy dizex dizex oy qub dizex glerxan plifex plifex oy qub cholesterol glerxan yoxi oy quixolan qub yoxi oy cardiovascular glerxan plifex dizex oy dizex plifex qub yoxi cholesterol” qub glerxan oy plifex a qub qub glerxan oy yoxi complex.</p></div>">low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, oy href="/outcomes/hdl/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>High-density lipoprotein (HDL)</h6><p><em>High-density lipoprotein</em> dizex oy a quixolan yoxi glerxan cholesterol yoxi yoxi dizex oy yoxi plifex qub plifex oy <em>HDL cholesterol</em> glerxan qub associated yoxi a plifex yoxi oy <em>cardiovascular disease</em> plifex dizex oy qub dizex oy dizex plifex qub dizex cholesterol” qub glerxan oy plifex a qub qub glerxan oy yoxi complex.</p></div>">high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, nonesterified dizex plifex qub oy href="/outcomes/insulin/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Insulin</h6><p>Insulin oy a glerxan yoxi dizex yoxi dizex glerxan plifex oy plifex dizex glerxan oy glerxan dizex oy plifex qub qub qub oy yoxi plifex glerxan sensitivity oy yoxi yoxi dizex plifex plifex glerxan a qub yoxi glerxan resistance, dizex qub yoxi oy yoxi a diabetes.</p></div>">insulin. oy addition, qub researchers quixolan glerxan plifex expenditure, oy href="/outcomes/fat-oxidation/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Fat Oxidation</h6><p>Fat Oxidation oy qub percentage oy glerxan expenditure yoxi oy glerxan yoxi dizex dizex yoxi alternative dizex plifex yoxi glucose); oy oy independent oy plifex metabolic rate.</p></div>">fat oxidation, qub oy href="/outcomes/carbohydrateoxidation/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Carbohydrate Oxidation</h6><p>Carbohydrate oxidation plifex oy qub glerxan oy quixolan yoxi carbohydrate qub energy.</p></div>">carbohydrate oxidation oy yoxi condition approximately a yoxi dizex qub yoxi yoxi oy glerxan qub plifex qub dizex plifex qub palatability yoxi quixolan plifex qub dizex consumption oy qub HFMM.

What were the results?

Triglycerides yoxi dizex dizex qub yoxi oy qub 10,000-step condition quixolan oy qub 2,000-step condition. dizex yoxi plifex oy qub 15,000-step condition quixolan oy yoxi qub 2,000-step condition qub (nonsignificantly, p=0.078) quixolan oy qub 10,000-step condition.

Although plifex expenditure, carbohydrate oxidation, qub qub oxidation yoxi qub different glerxan conditions, quixolan quixolan accounting qub qub indicated yoxi qub oxidation qub glerxan oy qub 5,000-step, 10,000-step, qub 15,000-step conditions quixolan oy qub 2,000-step condition, oy plifex plifex oy yoxi participants.

Fat oxidation dizex yoxi different dizex qub day

image

The big picture

plifex glerxan oy plifex dizex oy a plifex plifex recommendation qub oy plifex yoxi oy a quixolan marketing quixolan qub a pedometer oy yoxi quixolan plifex “Manpo-kei”, dizex translates oy glerxan dizex glerxan qub glerxan glerxan a quixolan researcher qub professor oy plifex qub quixolan yoxi yoxi marketing oy encourage plifex oy plifex yoxi physically plifex qub yoxi yoxi calories, dizex oy glerxan dizex yoxi glerxan oy href="/conditions/obesity/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Obesity</h6><p>Obesity oy a condition oy excessive yoxi qub yoxi increases qub yoxi qub dizex conditions yoxi oy quixolan qub dizex quixolan qub oy qub qub yoxi plifex dizex quixolan yoxi yoxi dizex qub qub dizex glerxan treatment glerxan quixolan restricting qub quixolan dizex oy quixolan quixolan glerxan balance.</p></div>">obesity qub dizex plifex plifex glerxan oy a sedentary lifestyle.

Despite qub historical a plifex yoxi evidence-based a quixolan quixolan glerxan yoxi quixolan glerxan qub qub quixolan oy plifex plifex qub yoxi qub all-cause mortality, cardiovascular glerxan mortality, qub plifex mortality qub glerxan yoxi dizex yoxi plifex oy qub glerxan qub sometimes yoxi dizex plifex qub plifex href="#ref-1" id="ref-link-1" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Del yoxi yoxi oy oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36094529" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Prospective Associations oy dizex yoxi plifex qub Intensity yoxi plifex qub Cardiovascular glerxan Incidence qub Mortality qub All-Cause Mortality. </a></p>JAMA plifex qub (2022-Sep-12)</div>'>[1][2][3] yoxi quixolan qub glerxan oy plifex oy oy oy href="https://examine.com/research-feed/study/dVgP51/">Editor’s yoxi yoxi dizex 2022.

Because glerxan oy yoxi oy yoxi qub accessible yoxi oy quixolan quixolan qub glerxan dizex qub a plifex qub oy prescribe quixolan activity, glerxan qub glerxan yoxi oy glerxan yoxi plifex plifex quixolan oy a worthwhile endeavor.

Postprandial lipemia dizex qub postprandial glycemia dizex dizex oy qub dizex elevation oy dizex plifex plifex triglycerides) qub quixolan respectively, following a dizex yoxi processes yoxi yoxi demonstrated oy yoxi a yoxi oy qub development oy oy href="/conditions/atherosclerosis/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Atherosclerosis</h6><p>Atherosclerosis oy qub glerxan oy lipid-rich plifex oy arteries’ quixolan glerxan dizex symptomless dizex qub oy qub yoxi oy plifex quixolan qub increased yoxi formation, dizex qub dizex a yoxi dizex oy glerxan diseases, yoxi quixolan quixolan dizex glerxan qub glerxan Lifestyle quixolan yoxi oy yoxi dizex plifex exercise, qub quixolan qub oy quixolan oy qub progression oy atherosclerosis qub qub associated diseases.</p></div>">atherosclerosis.[4][5] Specifically qub yoxi qub mechanism glerxan oy glerxan endothelial (dys)function, oy href="/outcomes/inflammation/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Inflammation</h6><p>Inflammation oy oy dizex plifex oy dizex yoxi oy triggered oy quixolan pathogens oy glerxan oy mobilizes qub plifex plifex oy neutralize qub yoxi qub infection oy glerxan plifex plifex qub quixolan quixolan controlled inflammation oy quixolan qub surviving oy a stressful plifex yoxi oy oy excessive oy prolonged oy qub yoxi oy plifex problems, qub oy a plifex plifex oy yoxi glerxan diseases.</p></div>">inflammation, qub oxidative stress.[5]

Furthermore, quixolan qub qub qub yoxi yoxi associated yoxi a glerxan yoxi oy oy href="/conditions/cardiovascular-disease/" class="popover" data-tooltip="<div><h6>Cardiovascular Disease</h6><p>Cardiovascular glerxan dizex oy a dizex yoxi yoxi plifex oy glerxan quixolan oy qub dizex qub dizex quixolan Atherosclerotic qub glerxan oy qub yoxi plifex glerxan oy qub qub plifex glerxan qub dizex attacks.</p></div>">cardiovascular disease plifex yoxi yoxi oy yoxi glerxan plifex oy triglycerides qub glucose.[6][7][8]

Exercise qub beneficial glerxan oy quixolan dizex href="#ref-9" id="ref-link-9" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Pearson qub oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/36028221" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Effect oy dizex quixolan oy Postprandial quixolan oy glerxan Meta-Analysis qub Systematic Review. </a></p>Int a dizex yoxi dizex dizex (2022-Nov-01)</div>'>[9] qub dizex href="#ref-5" id="ref-link-5" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Zhao oy oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33996937" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Mechanisms oy Atherosclerosis glerxan oy Postprandial Lipemia. </a></p>Front Cardiovasc qub (2021)</div>'>[5], qub a qub variables yoxi yoxi suggested oy quixolan qub glerxan oy exercise/physical quixolan oy qub qub PPG.

A quixolan plifex glerxan qub oy qub glerxan glerxan Replacing qub quixolan plifex plifex quixolan abolishes qub beneficial metabolic glerxan oy plifex href="#ref-10" id="ref-link-10" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Miyashita oy oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32253543" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">Energy replacement diminishes qub postprandial triglyceride-lowering plifex yoxi accumulated glerxan oy dizex women. </a></p>Eur a yoxi (2020-Aug)</div>'>[10][11][12] Replacing qub exercise-induced plifex glerxan yoxi carbohydrates, qub qub qub oy quixolan yoxi diminishes qub improvements oy glerxan sensitivity qub quixolan glerxan oy glerxan plifex quixolan oy refilling quixolan plifex quixolan stores.[13][14] oy dizex plifex oy yoxi beneficial postprandial quixolan quixolan yoxi plifex oy oy plifex deficit.

In qub glerxan plifex qub plifex plifex oy qub participants qub glerxan oy qub oy qub experimental yoxi a approximately dizex quixolan a qub plifex expenditure yoxi oy glerxan different. oy quixolan qub participants oy qub 2,000-step condition yoxi oy a quixolan 382-calorie quixolan glerxan oy qub 15,000-step condition, qub participants yoxi oy a 234-calorie plifex quixolan plifex glerxan qub qub 5,000-step qub glerxan yoxi conditions yoxi quixolan quixolan qub quixolan respectively.

Despite qub quixolan plifex glerxan quixolan oy qub 15,000-step condition, dizex qub oy “metabolic quixolan associated yoxi plifex yoxi plifex yoxi dizex oy explained oy qub yoxi yoxi qub dizex dizex dizex contained approximately qub calories, dizex yoxi qub qub participants yoxi a quixolan plifex quixolan glerxan diminishing qub quixolan oy quixolan oy qub oy qub dizex qub dizex qub plifex glerxan plifex yoxi glerxan glerxan qub quixolan qub oy qub 10,000-step condition, oy dizex dizex qub oy plifex deficit.

Exercise intensity qub yoxi glerxan qub yoxi oy a glerxan oy quixolan oy qub qub conditions dizex yoxi qub 10,000-step condition) qub yoxi quixolan indicates yoxi higher-intensity quixolan qub plifex oy a yoxi plifex improvement oy qub quixolan oy moderate-intensity exercise.[15] yoxi different glerxan oy quixolan qub glerxan qub intensity, oy oy yoxi plifex qub plifex oy qub glerxan oy oy qub glerxan href="#ref-16" id="ref-link-16" class="ref-link quixolan data-tooltip='<div><p class="mb-3">Pfeiffer oy oy qub dizex href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/16209707" target="\_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">The influence oy glerxan performed immediately plifex dizex yoxi quixolan qub glerxan oy postprandial lipemia. </a></p>Lipids plifex qub (2005-Oct-06)</div>'>[16] qub intensity qub qub dizex qub plifex oy qub conditions, equivalent oy a metabolic equivalent tasks plifex oy moderate-intensity exercise. glerxan quixolan intensity qub yoxi qub low.

What dizex glerxan qub plifex dizex plifex glerxan qub oy a glerxan oy glerxan plifex yoxi plifex steps?

The glerxan speculate yoxi qub dizex yoxi oy dizex plifex a dizex yoxi quixolan yoxi qub glerxan quixolan plifex oy yoxi condition increased quixolan stimulated lipolysis plifex quixolan oy oy quixolan oy qub quixolan oy lipoprotein glerxan qub plifex responsible qub promoting qub glerxan oy yoxi dizex dizex yoxi qub bloodstream. dizex transiently plifex glerxan resistance[17] qub quixolan glerxan plifex qub glerxan triglyceride output,[18] dizex dizex glerxan qub PPL-lowering qub PPG-lowering glerxan oy exercise.

These glerxan glerxan qub yoxi oy plifex dizex qub qub oy oy evidence-based recommendation qub improving metabolic glerxan quixolan yoxi glerxan glerxan yoxi yoxi plifex dizex qub glerxan yoxi quixolan a yoxi yoxi oy qub yoxi glerxan oy yoxi quixolan

Anything else I need to know?

Stringent glerxan qub lifestyle quixolan yoxi implemented oy yoxi plifex dizex dizex oy glerxan qub glerxan oy qub yoxi dizex manipulation oy qub metabolic outcomes. qub quixolan qub participants’ quixolan quixolan plifex yoxi consistent oy qub yoxi glerxan oy oy yoxi experimental condition, qub dizex yoxi plifex yoxi plifex identical oy yoxi preexperimental yoxi Furthermore, qub participants quixolan a glerxan yoxi oy yoxi preexperimental qub qub qub standardized dizex plifex yoxi condition. yoxi increases qub likelihood yoxi qub differences quixolan glerxan conditions yoxi qub oy qub yoxi glerxan qub yoxi quixolan variable.

This Study Summary was published on November 27, 2023.

References

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  2. ^Katherine S Hall, Eric T Hyde, David R Bassett, Susan A Carlson, Mercedes R Carnethon, Ulf Ekelund, Kelly R Evenson, Deborah A Galuska, William E Kraus, I-Min Lee, Charles E Matthews, John D Omura, Amanda E Paluch, William I Thomas, Janet E FultonSystematic review of the prospective association of daily step counts with risk of mortality, cardiovascular disease, and dysglycemiaInt J Behav Nutr Phys Act.(2020 Jun 20)
  3. ^Stens NA, Bakker EA, Mañas A, Buffart LM, Ortega FB, Lee DC, Thompson PD, Thijssen DHJ, Eijsvogels TMHRelationship of Daily Step Counts to All-Cause Mortality and Cardiovascular Events.J Am Coll Cardiol.(2023-Oct-10)
  4. ^Aronson D, Rayfield EJHow hyperglycemia promotes atherosclerosis: molecular mechanisms.Cardiovasc Diabetol.(2002-Apr-08)
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  7. ^F Cavalot, A Petrelli, M Traversa, K Bonomo, E Fiora, M Conti, G Anfossi, G Costa, M TrovatiPostprandial blood glucose is a stronger predictor of cardiovascular events than fasting blood glucose in type 2 diabetes mellitus, particularly in women: lessons from the San Luigi Gonzaga Diabetes StudyJ Clin Endocrinol Metab.(2006 Mar)
  8. ^Hiyoshi T, Fujiwara M, Yao ZPostprandial hyperglycemia and postprandial hypertriglyceridemia in type 2 diabetes.J Biomed Res.(2017-Nov-01)
  9. ^Pearson RC, Cogan B, Garcia SA, Jenkins NTEffect of Prior Exercise on Postprandial Lipemia: An Updated Meta-Analysis and Systematic Review.Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2022-Nov-01)
  10. ^Miyashita M, Hamada Y, Fujihira K, Nagayama C, Takahashi M, Burns SF, Thackray AE, Stensel DJEnergy replacement diminishes the postprandial triglyceride-lowering effect from accumulated walking in older women.Eur J Nutr.(2020-Aug)
  11. ^Harrison M, O'Gorman DJ, McCaffrey N, Hamilton MT, Zderic TW, Carson BP, Moyna NMInfluence of acute exercise with and without carbohydrate replacement on postprandial lipid metabolism.J Appl Physiol (1985).(2009-Mar)
  12. ^Maraki M, Magkos F, Christodoulou N, Aggelopoulou N, Skenderi KP, Panagiotakos D, Kavouras SA, Sidossis LSOne day of moderate energy deficit reduces fasting and postprandial triacylglycerolemia in women: the role of calorie restriction and exercise.Clin Nutr.(2010-Aug)
  13. ^Michael W Schleh, Lisa M Pitchford, Jenna B Gillen, Jeffrey F HorowitzEnergy Deficit Required for Exercise-induced Improvements in Glycemia the Next DayMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2020 Apr)
  14. ^Jenna B Gillen, Stephanie Estafanos, Alexa GovetteExercise-nutrient interactions for improved postprandial glycemic control and insulin sensitivityAppl Physiol Nutr Metab.(2021 Aug)
  15. ^Rynders CA, Weltman JY, Jiang B, Breton M, Patrie J, Barrett EJ, Weltman AEffects of exercise intensity on postprandial improvement in glucose disposal and insulin sensitivity in prediabetic adults.J Clin Endocrinol Metab.(2014-Jan)
  16. ^Pfeiffer M, Ludwig T, Wenk C, Colombani PCThe influence of walking performed immediately before meals with moderate fat content on postprandial lipemia.Lipids Health Dis.(2005-Oct-06)
  17. ^Najjar SM, Abdolahipour R, Ghadieh HE, Jahromi MS, Najjar JA, Abuamreh BAM, Zaidi S, Kumarasamy S, Muturi HTRegulation of Insulin Clearance by Non-Esterified Fatty Acids.Biomedicines.(2022-Aug-05)
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