Apple Cider Vinegar

Last Updated: September 28 2022

Apple cider vinegar may provide some health benefits when taken with meals, such as reducing glucose spikes and suppressing appetite. That being said, the magnitude of the benefits is unclear, and excessive vinegar consumption may damage the gastrointestinal tract.

Apple Cider Vinegar is most often used for

What is Apple Cider Vinegar?

Apple cider vinegar is a vinegar made from apple juice. It contains the usual acetic acid content of vinegar and small amounts of various phytochemicals found in apples. It’s one of those widely beloved and yet widely scoffed-at word-of-mouth health remedies. Mix it with lemon juice and coconut oil, and you have the trifecta of popular home remedies (seems like a bad flavor combination though).

What are Apple Cider Vinegar’s benefits?

It seems to have a modest ability to reduces the glycemic index of foods, making it a possible tool for helping to manage blood sugar. More research is needed, and it’s unclear how its effects differ from any other type of vinegar, but the benefits are unlikely to differ a great deal since acetic acid may be the main driver of its benefits. Apple cider vinegar also seems to be mildly appetite-suppressing and may assist dieting, with a little research finding a spontaneous reduction in food intake and body fat.

What are Apple Cider Vinegar’s side effects and drawbacks?

Due to its acidic nature, it can damage various tissues and tooth enamel. Application to sensitive skin, excessive consumption (especially of undiluted vinegar), and excessive consumption of pickled foods may lead to damaged tissue. There is an association between pickled food and gastric cancer, and while it’s unclear what the connection might be, vinegar is a plausible explanation.

What else is Apple Cider Vinegar known as?
Note that Apple Cider Vinegar is also known as:
  • ACV
Dosage information

30 ml daily, spread out between meals.

Join our supplement information course

Enter your email for a FREE five-day course on supplements. Get only the information that’s 100% backed by science. We take an independent and unbiased approach to figure out what works (and what’s a waste of time and money).

Examine is the only 100% independent company in the nutrition and supplement industry. While everyone else sells supplements and works with sponsors, we exclusively analyze research.

    The only 100% independent company. While everyone sells supplements, we only analyze research.

    Examine Database: Apple Cider Vinegar
    What works and what doesn't?

    Unlock the full potential of Examine

    Get started

    Don't miss out on the latest research

    Become an Examine Insider for FREE to stay on top of the latest nutrition research, supplement myths, and more

      Frequently asked questions

      Other FAQs

      References
      1.^Mazza and MurookaVinegars Through the AgesJ Sci Food Agric.(2009)
      2.^Conner and AllgeierVinegar: Its History and DevelopmentAdv Appl Microbiol.(1976)
      3.^ThompsonAssyrian Prescriptions for Diseases of the EarsJ. Royal Asiatic Soc.(1931)
      4.^Budak NH, Aykin E, Seydim AC, Greene AK, Guzel-Seydim ZBFunctional properties of vinegarJ Food Sci.(2014 May)
      5.^Ho CW, Lazim AM, Fazry S, Zaki UKHH, Lim SJVarieties, production, composition and health benefits of vinegars: A reviewFood Chem.(2017 Apr 15)
      6.^Dabija, A. Hatnean, C.Study concerning the quality of apple vinegar obtained through classical methodJ Agroaliment Proc Technol.(2014 Sep)
      7.^Natera R, Castro R, de Valme García-Moreno M, Hernández MJ, García-Barroso CChemometric studies of vinegars from different raw materials and processes of productionJ Agric Food Chem.(2003 May 21)
      8.^Budak NH, Kumbul Doguc D, Savas CM, Seydim AC, Kok Tas T, Ciris MI, Guzel-Seydim ZBEffects of apple cider vinegars produced with different techniques on blood lipids in high-cholesterol-fed ratsJ Agric Food Chem.(2011 Jun 22)
      9.^Du G, Zhu Y, Wang X, Zhang J, Tian C, Liu L, Meng Y, Guo YPhenolic composition of apple products and by-products based on cold pressing technologyJ Food Sci Technol.(2019 Mar)
      10.^Feldstein S, Afshar M, Krakowski ACChemical Burn from Vinegar Following an Internet-based Protocol for Self-removal of NeviJ Clin Aesthet Dermatol.(2015 Jun)
      11.^Luu LA, Flowers RH, Kellams AL, Zeichner S, Preston DC, Zlotoff BJ, Wisniewski JAApple cider vinegar soaks 0.5% as a treatment for atopic dermatitis do not improve skin barrier integrityPediatr Dermatol.(2019 Sep)
      12.^Gambon DL, Brand HS, Veerman ECUnhealthy weight loss. Erosion by apple cider vinegarNed Tijdschr Tandheelkd.(2012 Dec)
      13.^Hill LL, Woodruff LH, Foote JC, Barreto-Alcoba MEsophageal injury by apple cider vinegar tablets and subsequent evaluation of productsJ Am Diet Assoc.(2005 Jul)
      15.^Ren JS, Kamangar F, Forman D, Islami FPickled food and risk of gastric cancer--a systematic review and meta-analysis of English and Chinese literatureCancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev.(2012 Jun)
      17.^Halima BH, Sonia G, Sarra K, Houda BJ, Fethi BS, Abdallah AApple Cider Vinegar Attenuates Oxidative Stress and Reduces the Risk of Obesity in High-Fat-Fed Male Wistar RatsJ Med Food.(2018 Jan)
      18.^Kondo T, Kishi M, Fushimi T, Ugajin S, Kaga TVinegar intake reduces body weight, body fat mass, and serum triglyceride levels in obese Japanese subjectsBiosci Biotechnol Biochem.(2009 Aug)
      24.^Salbe AD, Johnston CS, Buyukbese MA, Tsitouras PD, Harman SMVinegar lacks antiglycemic action on enteral carbohydrate absorption in human subjectsNutr Res.(2009 Dec)
      25.^Sakakibara S, Yamauchi T, Oshima Y, Tsukamoto Y, Kadowaki TAcetic acid activates hepatic AMPK and reduces hyperglycemia in diabetic KK-A(y) miceBiochem Biophys Res Commun.(2006 Jun 2)
      26.^Yamashita H, Maruta H, Jozuka M, Kimura R, Iwabuchi H, Yamato M, Saito T, Fujisawa K, Takahashi Y, Kimoto M, Hiemori M, Tsuji HEffects of acetate on lipid metabolism in muscles and adipose tissues of type 2 diabetic Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) ratsBiosci Biotechnol Biochem.(2009 Mar 23)
      30.^Wu D, Kimura F, Takashima A, Shimizu Y, Takebayashi A, Kita N, Zhang G, Murakami TIntake of vinegar beverage is associated with restoration of ovulatory function in women with polycystic ovary syndromeTohoku J Exp Med.(2013 May)
      33.^Panettaet, C. Jonk, Y. Shapiro, A.Prospective randomized clinical trial evaluating the impact of vinegar on lipids in non-diabeticsWorld J Cardiovasc Dis.(2013 Apr)