Power Output

    Last Updated: January 27, 2020

    Your power output is the strength you can generate in the shortest amount of time. It is associated with type-II (i.e., fast-twitch) muscle fibers and the phosphagen system (which uses your creatine stores to regenerate ATP, the energy currency of your cells).

    Examine Database: Power Output

    B
    Large Improvement
    D
    No effect
    D
    No effect
    What works and what doesn't?

    Unlock the full potential of Examine

    Get started

    Research FeedRead all studies

    Examine Database References

    1. Creatine - Arciero PJ, Hannibal NS 3rd, Nindl BC, Gentile CL, Hamed J, Vukovich MDComparison of creatine ingestion and resistance training on energy expenditure and limb blood flowMetabolism.(2001 Dec)
    2. Creatine - Faager G, Söderlund K, Sköld CM, Rundgren S, Tollbäck A, Jakobsson PCreatine supplementation and physical training in patients with COPD: a double blind, placebo-controlled studyInt J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis.(2006)
    3. DHEA - Percheron G, Hogrel JY, Denot-Ledunois S, Fayet G, Forette F, Baulieu EE, Fardeau M, Marini JF; Double-blind placebo-controlled trialEffect of 1-year oral administration of dehydroepiandrosterone to 60- to 80-year-old individuals on muscle function and cross-sectional area: a double-blind placebo-controlled trialArch Intern Med.(2003 Mar 24)
    4. Creatine - Burke LM, Pyne DB, Telford RDEffect of oral creatine supplementation on single-effort sprint performance in elite swimmersInt J Sport Nutr.(1996 Sep)
    5. L-Carnitine - L Vecchiet, F Di Lisa, G Pieralisi, P Ripari, R Menabò, M A Giamberardino, N SiliprandiInfluence of L-carnitine administration on maximal physical exerciseEur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.(1990)
    6. Gamma Oryzanol - Fry AC, Bonner E, Lewis DL, Johnson RL, Stone MH, Kraemer WJThe effects of gamma-oryzanol supplementation during resistance exercise trainingInt J Sport Nutr.(1997 Dec)
    7. Creatine - Jonathan P Little, Scott C Forbes, Darren G Candow, Stephen M Cornish, Philip D ChilibeckCreatine, arginine alpha-ketoglutarate, amino acids, and medium-chain triglycerides and endurance and performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2008 Oct)
    8. Ashwagandha - Sandhu JS, Shah B, Shenoy S, Chauhan S, Lavekar GS, Padhi MMEffects of Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha) and Terminalia arjuna (Arjuna) on physical performance and cardiorespiratory endurance in healthy young adultsInt J Ayurveda Res.(2010 Jul)
    9. L-Carnitine - V Wyss, G P Ganzit, A RienziEffects of L-carnitine administration on VO2max and the aerobic-anaerobic threshold in normoxia and acute hypoxiaEur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.(1990)
    10. Betaine - Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, Kang J, Rashti SL, Faigenbaum ADEffect of betaine supplementation on power performance and fatigueJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2009 Feb 27)
    11. Leucic Acid - Antti A Mero, Tuomo Ojala, Juha J Hulmi, Risto Puurtinen, Tuomo AM Karila, and Timo SeppäläEffects of alfa-hydroxy-isocaproic acid on body composition, DOMS and performance in athletesJISSN.()
    12. Betaine - Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, Kang J, Gonzalez AM, Beller NA, Craig SAEffect of 15 days of betaine ingestion on concentric and eccentric force outputs during isokinetic exerciseJ Strength Cond Res.(2011 Aug)
    13. Creatine - Spillane M, Schoch R, Cooke M, Harvey T, Greenwood M, Kreider R, Willoughby DSThe effects of creatine ethyl ester supplementation combined with heavy resistance training on body composition, muscle performance, and serum and muscle creatine levelsJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2009 Feb 19)
    14. Creatine - Tarnopolsky M, Martin JCreatine monohydrate increases strength in patients with neuromuscular diseaseNeurology.(1999 Mar 10)
    15. Creatine - Silva AJ, Machado Reis V, Guidetti L, Bessone Alves F, Mota P, Freitas J, Baldari CEffect of creatine on swimming velocity, body composition and hydrodynamic variablesJ Sports Med Phys Fitness.(2007 Mar)
    16. Sodium Bicarbonate - Carr AJ, Gore CJ, Dawson BInduced alkalosis and caffeine supplementation: effects on 2,000-m rowing performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2011 Oct)
    17. HMB - Hoffman JR, Cooper J, Wendell M, Im J, Kang JEffects of beta-hydroxy beta-methylbutyrate on power performance and indices of muscle damage and stress during high-intensity trainingJ Strength Cond Res.(2004 Nov)
    18. Creatine - Anomasiri W, Sanguanrungsirikul S, Saichandee PLow dose creatine supplementation enhances sprint phase of 400 meters swimming performanceJ Med Assoc Thai.(2004 Sep)
    19. Beta-Alanine - Hoffman J, Ratamess NA, Ross R, Kang J, Magrelli J, Neese K, Faigenbaum AD, Wise JABeta-alanine and the hormonal response to exerciseInt J Sports Med.(2008 Dec)
    20. Spirulina - Mehdi Chaouachi, Sandrine Gautier, Yoann Carnot, Nicolas Bideau, Pierrick Guillemot, Yann Moison, Tom Collin, Sophie Vincent, Carole GroussardSpirulina platensis Provides a Small Advantage in Vertical Jump and Sprint Performance But Does Not Improve Elite Rugby Players' Body CompositionJ Diet Suppl.(2020 Oct 29)
    21. Arachidonic Acid - Roberts MD, Iosia M, Kerksick CM, Taylor LW, Campbell B, Wilborn CD, Harvey T, Cooke M, Rasmussen C, Greenwood M, Wilson R, Jitomir J, Willoughby D, Kreider RBEffects of arachidonic acid supplementation on training adaptations in resistance-trained malesJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2007 Nov 28)
    22. HMB - Wilson JM, Lowery RP, Joy JM, Walters JA, Baier SM, Fuller JC, Stout JR, Norton LE, Sikorski EM, Wilson SM, Duncan NM, Zanchi NE, Rathmacher Jβ-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate free acid reduces markers of exercise-induced muscle damage and improves recovery in resistance-trained menBr J Nutr.(2013 Jan 3)
    23. Sodium Bicarbonate - McNaughton L, Dalton B, Palmer GSodium bicarbonate can be used as an ergogenic aid in high-intensity, competitive cycle ergometry of 1 h durationEur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.(1999 Jun)
    24. Sodium Bicarbonate - Gao JP, Costill DL, Horswill CA, Park SHSodium bicarbonate ingestion improves performance in interval swimmingEur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.(1988)
    25. Creatine - Chilibeck PD, Stride D, Farthing JP, Burke DGEffect of creatine ingestion after exercise on muscle thickness in males and femalesMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2004 Oct)
    26. Colostrum - Mero A, Nykänen T, Keinänen O, Knuutinen J, Lahti K, Alen M, Rasi S, Leppäluoto JProtein metabolism and strength performance after bovine colostrum supplementationAmino Acids.(2005 May)
    27. Creatine - Carter JM, Bemben DA, Knehans AW, Bemben MG, Witten MSDoes nutritional supplementation influence adaptability of muscle to resistance training in men aged 48 to 72 yearsJ Geriatr Phys Ther.(2005)
    28. Sodium Bicarbonate - Zabala M, Requena B, Sánchez-Muñoz C, González-Badillo JJ, García I, Oöpik V, Pääsuke MEffects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on performance and perceptual responses in a laboratory-simulated BMX cycling qualification seriesJ Strength Cond Res.(2008 Sep)
    29. HMB - Richard B. Kreider, Maria Pontes Ferreira, Michael Greenwood, M. Wilson, Pamela Grindstaff, Steven Plisk, Jeff Reinardy, Edward Cantler, and Anthony L. AmaldaEffects of Calcium β-HMB Supplementation During Training on Markers of Catabolism, Body Composition, Strength and Sprint PerformanceJournal of Exercise Physiology.()
    30. Citrulline - Takashi Suzuki, Masahiko Morita, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Ayako KamimuraOral L-citrulline supplementation enhances cycling time trial performance in healthy trained men: Double-blind randomized placebo-controlled 2-way crossover studyJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2016 Feb 19)
    31. Betaine - Del Favero S, Roschel H, Artioli G, Ugrinowitsch C, Tricoli V, Costa A, Barroso R, Negrelli AL, Otaduy MC, da Costa Leite C, Lancha-Junior AH, Gualano BCreatine but not betaine supplementation increases muscle phosphorylcreatine content and strength performanceAmino Acids.(2011 Jul 9)
    32. Caffeine - Mora-Rodríguez R, Pallarés JG, López-Samanes A, Ortega JF, Fernández-Elías VECaffeine ingestion reverses the circadian rhythm effects on neuromuscular performance in highly resistance-trained menPLoS One.(2012)
    33. Coenzyme Q10 - Bloomer RJ, Canale RE, McCarthy CG, Farney TMImpact of oral ubiquinol on blood oxidative stress and exercise performanceOxid Med Cell Longev.(2012)
    34. Creatine - Branch JDEffect of creatine supplementation on body composition and performance: a meta-analysisInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2003 Jun)
    35. Sodium Bicarbonate - Webster MJ, Webster MN, Crawford RE, Gladden LBEffect of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on exhaustive resistance exercise performanceMed Sci Sports Exerc.(1993 Aug)
    36. HMB - Gallagher PM, Carrithers JA, Godard MP, Schulze KE, Trappe SWBeta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate ingestion, Part I: effects on strength and fat free massMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2000 Dec)
    37. Creatine - Chilibeck PD, Magnus C, Anderson MEffect of in-season creatine supplementation on body composition and performance in rugby union football playersAppl Physiol Nutr Metab.(2007 Dec)
    38. Chromium - Campbell WW, Joseph LJ, Davey SL, Cyr-Campbell D, Anderson RA, Evans WJEffects of resistance training and chromium picolinate on body composition and skeletal muscle in older menJ Appl Physiol (1985).(1999 Jan)
    39. Sodium Bicarbonate - Siegler JC, McNaughton LR, Midgley AW, Keatley S, Hillman AMetabolic alkalosis, recovery and sprint performanceInt J Sports Med.(2010 Nov)
    40. Sodium Bicarbonate - Price MJ, Cripps DThe effects of combined glucose-electrolyte and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise performanceJ Sports Sci.(2012)
    41. L-Tyrosine - Les Tumilty, Nicholas Gregory, Manfred Beckmann, Rhys ThatcherNo Influence of Low-, Medium-, or High-Dose Tyrosine on Exercise in a Warm EnvironmentMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2020 Jun)
    42. Ecdysteroids - Wilborn CD, Taylor LW, Campbell BI, Kerksick C, Rasmussen CJ, Greenwood M, Kreider RBEffects of methoxyisoflavone, ecdysterone, and sulfo-polysaccharide supplementation on training adaptations in resistance-trained malesJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2006 Dec 13)
    43. Beta-Alanine - Baguet A, Bourgois J, Vanhee L, Achten E, Derave WImportant role of muscle carnosine in rowing performanceJ Appl Physiol.(2010 Oct)
    44. 16:8 Intermittent Fasting - Matthew T Stratton, Grant M Tinsley, Michaela G Alesi, Garrett M Hester, Alex A Olmos, Paul R Serafini, Andrew S Modjeski, Gerald T Mangine, Kelsey King, Shelby N Savage, Austin T Webb, Trisha A VanDusseldorpFour Weeks of Time-Restricted Feeding Combined with Resistance Training Does Not Differentially Influence Measures of Body Composition, Muscle Performance, Resting Energy Expenditure, and Blood BiomarkersNutrients.(2020 Apr 17)
    45. Creatine - Kendall KL, Smith AE, Graef JL, Fukuda DH, Moon JR, Beck TW, Cramer JT, Stout JREffects of four weeks of high-intensity interval training and creatine supplementation on critical power and anaerobic working capacity in college-aged menJ Strength Cond Res.(2009 Sep)
    46. Chromium - Livolsi JM, Adams GM, Laguna PLThe effect of chromium picolinate on muscular strength and body composition in women athletesJ Strength Cond Res.(2001 May)
    47. Vitamin D - Carrillo AE, Flynn MG, Pinkston C, Markofski MM, Jiang Y, Donkin SS, Teegarden DImpact of vitamin D supplementation during a resistance training intervention on body composition, muscle function, and glucose tolerance in overweight and obese adultsClin Nutr.(2012 Aug 31)
    48. Creatine - Hoffman J, Ratamess N, Kang J, Mangine G, Faigenbaum A, Stout JEffect of creatine and beta-alanine supplementation on performance and endocrine responses in strength/power athletesInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2006 Aug)
    49. Creatine - Kornblum C, Schröder R, Müller K, Vorgerd M, Eggers J, Bogdanow M, Papassotiropoulos A, Fabian K, Klockgether T, Zange JCreatine has no beneficial effect on skeletal muscle energy metabolism in patients with single mitochondrial DNA deletions: a placebo-controlled, double-blind 31P-MRS crossover studyEur J Neurol.(2005 Apr)
    50. Creatine - Bazzucchi I, Felici F, Sacchetti MEffect of short-term creatine supplementation on neuromuscular functionMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2009 Oct)
    51. Ketogenic Diet - Urbain P, Strom L, Morawski L, Wehrle A, Deibert P, Bertz HImpact of a 6-week non-energy-restricted ketogenic diet on physical fitness, body composition and biochemical parameters in healthy adultsNutr Metab (Lond).(2017 Feb 20)
    52. Creatine - Rahimi RCreatine supplementation decreases oxidative DNA damage and lipid peroxidation induced by a single bout of resistance exerciseJ Strength Cond Res.(2011 Dec)
    53. Sodium Bicarbonate - Zabala M, Peinado AB, Calderón FJ, Sampedro J, Castillo MJ, Benito PJBicarbonate ingestion has no ergogenic effect on consecutive all out sprint tests in BMX elite cyclistsEur J Appl Physiol.(2011 Dec)
    54. Creatine - Camic CL, Hendrix CR, Housh TJ, Zuniga JM, Mielke M, Johnson GO, Schmidt RJ, Housh DJThe effects of polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength and powerJ Strength Cond Res.(2010 Dec)
    55. Sodium Bicarbonate - Vanhatalo A, McNaughton LR, Siegler J, Jones AMEffect of induced alkalosis on the power-duration relationship of "all-out" exerciseMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2010 Mar)
    56. Creatine - Sakkas GK, Mulligan K, Dasilva M, Doyle JW, Khatami H, Schleich T, Kent-Braun JA, Schambelan MCreatine fails to augment the benefits from resistance training in patients with HIV infection: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studyPLoS One.(2009)
    57. Sodium Bicarbonate - Carr AJ, Slater GJ, Gore CJ, Dawson B, Burke LMReliability and effect of sodium bicarbonate: buffering and 2000-m rowing performanceInt J Sports Physiol Perform.(2012 Jun)
    58. Creatine - Mazzini L, Balzarini C, Colombo R, Mora G, Pastore I, De Ambrogio R, Caligari MEffects of creatine supplementation on exercise performance and muscular strength in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: preliminary resultsJ Neurol Sci.(2001 Oct 15)
    59. L-Carnitine - Majid S Koozehchian, Amin Daneshfar, Ebrahim Fallah, Hamid Agha-Alinejad, Mohammad Samadi, Mojtaba Kaviani, Maryam Kaveh B, Y Peter Jung, Mozhgan Hassanzadeh Sablouei, Najmeh Moradi, Conrad P Earnest, T Jeff Chandler, Richard B KreiderEffects of nine weeks L-Carnitine supplementation on exercise performance, anaerobic power, and exercise-induced oxidative stress in resistance-trained malesJ Exerc Nutrition Biochem.(2018 Dec 31)
    60. Glutamine - Candow DG, Chilibeck PD, Burke DG, Davison KS, Smith-Palmer TEffect of glutamine supplementation combined with resistance training in young adultsEur J Appl Physiol.(2001 Dec)
    61. Fish Oil - Lachlan Hingley, Michael J Macartney, Marc A Brown, Peter L McLennan, Gregory E PeoplesDHA-rich Fish Oil Increases the Omega-3 Index and Lowers the Oxygen Cost of Physiologically Stressful Cycling in Trained IndividualsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2017 Aug)
    62. Sodium Bicarbonate - Lavender G, Bird SREffect of sodium bicarbonate ingestion upon repeated sprintsBr J Sports Med.(1989 Mar)
    63. Alanylglutamine - Hoffman JR, Williams DR, Emerson NS, Hoffman MW, Wells AJ, McVeigh DM, McCormack WP, Mangine GT, Gonzalez AM, Fragala MSL-alanyl-L-glutamine ingestion maintains performance during a competitive basketball gameJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2012 Mar 7)
    64. DHEA - Brown GA, Vukovich MD, Sharp RL, Reifenrath TA, Parsons KA, King DSEffect of oral DHEA on serum testosterone and adaptations to resistance training in young menJ Appl Physiol.(1999 Dec)
    65. L-Carnitine - Ho JY, Kraemer WJ, Volek JS, Fragala MS, Thomas GA, Dunn-Lewis C, Coday M, Häkkinen K, Maresh CMl-Carnitine l-tartrate supplementation favorably affects biochemical markers of recovery from physical exertion in middle-aged men and womenMetabolism.(2010 Aug)
    66. Alcohol - Barnes MJ, Mundel T, Stannard SRThe effects of acute alcohol consumption on recovery from a simulated rugby matchJ Sports Sci.(2012)
    67. Creatine - Eckerson JM, Bull AA, Moore GAEffect of thirty days of creatine supplementation with phosphate salts on anaerobic working capacity and body weight in menJ Strength Cond Res.(2008 May)
    68. DHEA - Dayal M, Sammel MD, Zhao J, Hummel AC, Vandenbourne K, Barnhart KTSupplementation with DHEA: effect on muscle size, strength, quality of life, and lipidsJ Womens Health (Larchmt).(2005 Jun)
    69. Caffeine - Todd A Astorino, Michael N Terzi, Daniel W Roberson, Timothy R BurnettEffect of two doses of caffeine on muscular function during isokinetic exerciseMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2010 Dec)
    70. Cannabis - R D Steadward, M SinghThe effects of smoking marihuana on physical performanceMed Sci Sports.(Winter 1975)
    71. Branched-Chain Amino Acids - Shimomura Y, Inaguma A, Watanabe S, Yamamoto Y, Muramatsu Y, Bajotto G, Sato J, Shimomura N, Kobayashi H, Mawatari KBranched-chain amino acid supplementation before squat exercise and delayed-onset muscle sorenessInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2010 Jun)
    72. HMB - Thomson JS, Watson PE, Rowlands DSEffects of nine weeks of beta-hydroxy-beta- methylbutyrate supplementation on strength and body composition in resistance trained menJ Strength Cond Res.(2009 May)
    73. Creatine - Juhász I, Györe I, Csende Z, Rácz L, Tihanyi JCreatine supplementation improves the anaerobic performance of elite junior fin swimmersActa Physiol Hung.(2009 Sep)
    74. Colostrum - Buckley JD, Brinkworth GD, Abbott MJEffect of bovine colostrum on anaerobic exercise performance and plasma insulin-like growth factor IJ Sports Sci.(2003 Jul)
    75. Colostrum - A Mero, H Miikkulainen, J Riski, R Pakkanen, J Aalto, T TakalaEffects of bovine colostrum supplementation on serum IGF-I, IgG, hormone, and saliva IgA during trainingJ Appl Physiol (1985).(1997 Oct)
    76. Sodium Bicarbonate - Cameron SL, McLay-Cooke RT, Brown RC, Gray AR, Fairbairn KAIncreased blood pH but not performance with sodium bicarbonate supplementation in elite rugby union playersInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2010 Aug)
    77. Creatine - Bemben MG, Witten MS, Carter JM, Eliot KA, Knehans AW, Bemben DAThe effects of supplementation with creatine and protein on muscle strength following a traditional resistance training program in middle-aged and older menJ Nutr Health Aging.(2010 Feb)
    78. Creatine - Banerjee B, Sharma U, Balasubramanian K, Kalaivani M, Kalra V, Jagannathan NREffect of creatine monohydrate in improving cellular energetics and muscle strength in ambulatory Duchenne muscular dystrophy patients: a randomized, placebo-controlled 31P MRS studyMagn Reson Imaging.(2010 Jun)
    79. Citrulline - Paul Hwang, Flor E Morales Marroquín, Josh Gann, Tom Andre, Sarah McKinley-Barnard, Caelin Kim, Masahiko Morita, Darryn S WilloughbyEight weeks of resistance training in conjunction with glutathione and L-Citrulline supplementation increases lean mass and has no adverse effects on blood clinical safety markers in resistance-trained malesJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2018 Jun 27)
    80. Colostrum - Shing CM, Jenkins DG, Stevenson L, Coombes JSThe influence of bovine colostrum supplementation on exercise performance in highly trained cyclistsBr J Sports Med.(2006 Sep)
    81. Creatine - Antonio J, Ciccone VThe effects of pre versus post workout supplementation of creatine monohydrate on body composition and strengthJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2013 Aug 6)
    82. Colostrum - Lund P, Sangild PT, Aunsholt L, Hartmann B, Holst JJ, Mortensen J, Mortensen PB, Jeppesen PBRandomised controlled trial of colostrum to improve intestinal function in patients with short bowel syndromeEur J Clin Nutr.(2012 Sep)
    83. Creatine - Roy BD, de Beer J, Harvey D, Tarnopolsky MACreatine monohydrate supplementation does not improve functional recovery after total knee arthroplastyArch Phys Med Rehabil.(2005 Jul)
    84. Sodium Bicarbonate - Driller MW, Gregory JR, Williams AD, Fell JWThe effects of serial and acute NaHCO3 loading in well-trained cyclistsJ Strength Cond Res.(2012 Oct)
    85. Creatine - Candow DG, Chilibeck PD, Burke DG, Mueller KD, Lewis JDEffect of different frequencies of creatine supplementation on muscle size and strength in young adultsJ Strength Cond Res.(2011 Jul)
    86. Sodium Bicarbonate - Marx JO, Gordon SE, Vos NH, Nindl BC, Gómez AL, Volek JS, Pedro J, Ratamess N, Newton RU, French DN, Rubin MR, Häkkinen K, Kraemer WJEffect of alkalosis on plasma epinephrine responses to high intensity cycle exercise in humansEur J Appl Physiol.(2002 May)
    87. Pyruvate - Stone MH, Sanborn K, Smith LL, O'Bryant HS, Hoke T, Utter AC, Johnson RL, Boros R, Hruby J, Pierce KC, Stone ME, Garner BEffects of in-season (5 weeks) creatine and pyruvate supplementation on anaerobic performance and body composition in American football playersInt J Sport Nutr.(1999 Jun)
    88. HMB - Slater G, Jenkins D, Logan P, Lee H, Vukovich M, Rathmacher JA, Hahn AGBeta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation does not affect changes in strength or body composition during resistance training in trained menInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2001 Sep)
    89. Vitamin D - Małgorzata Magdalena Michalczyk, Artur Gołaś, Adam Maszczyk, Piotr Kaczka, Adam ZającInfluence of Sunlight and Oral D 3 Supplementation on Serum 25(OH)D Concentration and Exercise Performance in Elite Soccer PlayersNutrients.(2020 May 4)
    90. Creatine - Tarnopolsky M, Mahoney D, Thompson T, Naylor H, Doherty TJCreatine monohydrate supplementation does not increase muscle strength, lean body mass, or muscle phosphocreatine in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1Muscle Nerve.(2004 Jan)
    91. Black Ginger - Wasuntarawat C, Pengnet S, Walaikavinan N, Kamkaew N, Bualoang T, Toskulkao C, McConell GNo effect of acute ingestion of Thai ginseng (Kaempferia parviflora) on sprint and endurance exercise performance in humansJ Sports Sci.(2010 Sep)
    92. Spirulina - Artur Juszkiewicz, Piotr Basta, Elżbieta Petriczko, Bogusław Machaliński, Jerzy Trzeciak, Karolina Łuczkowska, Anna Skarpańska-StejnbornAn attempt to induce an immunomodulatory effect in rowers with spirulina extractJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2018 Feb 20)
    93. Ursolic Acid - Bang HS, Seo DY, Chung YM, Oh KM, Park JJ, Arturo F, Jeong SH, Kim N, Han JUrsolic Acid-induced elevation of serum irisin augments muscle strength during resistance training in menKorean J Physiol Pharmacol.(2014 Oct)
    94. Creatine - Burke DG, Chilibeck PD, Parise G, Candow DG, Mahoney D, Tarnopolsky MEffect of creatine and weight training on muscle creatine and performance in vegetariansMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2003 Nov)
    95. Creatine - Trent J Herda, Travis W Beck, Eric D Ryan, Abbie E Smith, Ashley A Walter, Michael J Hartman, Jeffrey R Stout, Joel T CramerEffects of creatine monohydrate and polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength, endurance, and power outputJ Strength Cond Res.(2009 May)
    96. Chromium - Campbell WW, Joseph LJ, Anderson RA, Davey SL, Hinton J, Evans WJEffects of resistive training and chromium picolinate on body composition and skeletal muscle size in older womenInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2002 Jun)
    97. Citrulline - Eric T Trexler, Adam M Persky, Eric D Ryan, Todd A Schwartz, Lee Stoner, Abbie E Smith-RyanAcute Effects of Citrulline Supplementation on High-Intensity Strength and Power Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisSports Med.(2019 May)
    98. Creatine - Deminice R, Rosa FT, Franco GS, Jordao AA, de Freitas ECEffects of creatine supplementation on oxidative stress and inflammatory markers after repeated-sprint exercise in humansNutrition.(2013 Sep)
    99. Sodium Bicarbonate - Price MJ, Simons CThe effect of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on high-intensity intermittent running and subsequent performanceJ Strength Cond Res.(2010 Jul)
    100. Creatine - Hass CJ, Collins MA, Juncos JLResistance training with creatine monohydrate improves upper-body strength in patients with Parkinson disease: a randomized trialNeurorehabil Neural Repair.(2007 Mar-Apr)
    101. Sodium Bicarbonate - Kilding AE, Overton C, Gleave JEffects of caffeine, sodium bicarbonate, and their combined ingestion on high-intensity cycling performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2012 Jun)
    102. Creatine - Vorgerd M, Grehl T, Jager M, Muller K, Freitag G, Patzold T, Bruns N, Fabian K, Tegenthoff M, Mortier W, Luttmann A, Zange J, Malin JPCreatine therapy in myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle disease): a placebo-controlled crossover trialArch Neurol.(2000 Jul)
    103. Creatine - Volek JS, Ratamess NA, Rubin MR, Gómez AL, French DN, McGuigan MM, Scheett TP, Sharman MJ, Häkkinen K, Kraemer WJThe effects of creatine supplementation on muscular performance and body composition responses to short-term resistance training overreachingEur J Appl Physiol.(2004 May)
    104. Creatine - Lamontagne-Lacasse M, Nadon R, Goulet EDEffect of Creatine Supplementation on Jumping Performance in Elite Volleyball PlayersInt J Sports Physiol Perform.(2011 Aug 22)
    105. Sodium Bicarbonate - Price M, Moss P, Rance SEffects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exerciseMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2003 Aug)
    106. Sodium Bicarbonate - Kupcis PD, Slater GJ, Pruscino CL, Kemp JGInfluence of sodium bicarbonate on performance and hydration in lightweight rowingInt J Sports Physiol Perform.(2012 Mar)
    107. Betaine - Pryor JL, Craig SA, Swensen TEffect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performanceJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2012 Apr 3)
    108. Sodium Bicarbonate - Brien DM, McKenzie DCThe effect of induced alkalosis and acidosis on plasma lactate and work output in elite oarsmenEur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol.(1989)
    109. Sodium Bicarbonate - Mueller SM, Gehrig SM, Frese S, Wagner CA, Boutellier U, Toigo MMultiday acute sodium bicarbonate intake improves endurance capacity and reduces acidosis in menJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2013 Mar 26)
    110. Citrulline - Eric T Trexler, Dale S Keith, Todd A Schwartz, Eric D Ryan, Lee Stoner, Adam M Persky, Abbie E Smith-RyanEffects of Citrulline Malate and Beetroot Juice Supplementation on Blood Flow, Energy Metabolism, and Performance During Maximum Effort Leg Extension ExerciseJ Strength Cond Res.(2019 Sep)
    111. D-Aspartic Acid - Darryn S. Willoughby, Brian Leutholtzd-Aspartic acid supplementation combined with 28 days of heavy resistance training has no effect on body composition, muscle strength, and serum hormones associated with the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal axis in resistance-trained menNutrition Research.()
    112. Ashwagandha - Raut AA, Rege NN, Tadvi FM, Solanki PV, Kene KR, Shirolkar SG, Pandey SN, Vaidya RA, Vaidya ABExploratory study to evaluate tolerability, safety, and activity of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) in healthy volunteersJ Ayurveda Integr Med.(2012 Jul)
    113. Creatine - Schneider-Gold C, Beck M, Wessig C, George A, Kele H, Reiners K, Toyka KVCreatine monohydrate in DM2/PROMM: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical study. Proximal myotonic myopathyNeurology.(2003 Feb 11)
    114. Creatine - Rawson ES, Volek JSEffects of creatine supplementation and resistance training on muscle strength and weightlifting performanceJ Strength Cond Res.(2003 Nov)
    115. Beta-Alanine - Kern BD, Robinson TLEffects of β-alanine supplementation on performance and body composition in collegiate wrestlers and football playersJ Strength Cond Res.(2011 Jul)
    116. L-Carnitine - Jacobs PL, Goldstein ERLong-term glycine propionyl-l-carnitine supplemention and paradoxical effects on repeated anaerobic sprint performanceJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2010 Oct 28)
    117. Rhodiola Rosea - Jówko E, Sadowski J, Długołęcka B, Gierczuk D, Opaszowski B, Cieśliński IEffects of Rhodiola rosea supplementation on mental performance, physical capacity, and oxidative stress biomarkers in healthy menJ Sport Health Sci.(2018 Oct)
    118. Creatine - Netreba I, Shenkman BS, Popov DV, Tarasova OS, Vdovina AB, Khotchenkov VP, Stekhanova TN, Vinogradova OLCreatine as a metabolic controller of skeletal muscles structure and function in strength exercises in humansRoss Fiziol Zh Im I M Sechenova.(2006 Jan)
    119. Chromium - Campbell WW, Joseph LJ, Ostlund RE Jr, Anderson RA, Farrell PA, Evans WJResistive training and chromium picolinate: effects on inositols and liver and kidney functions in older adultsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2004 Aug)
    120. Beta-Alanine - Hobson RM, Saunders B, Ball G, Harris RC, Sale CEffects of β-alanine supplementation on exercise performance: a meta-analysisAmino Acids.(2012 Jul)
    121. Creatine - Pluim BM, Ferrauti A, Broekhof F, Deutekom M, Gotzmann A, Kuipers H, Weber KThe effects of creatine supplementation on selected factors of tennis specific trainingBr J Sports Med.(2006 Jun)
    122. Leucine - Ispoglou T, King RF, Polman RC, Zanker CDaily L-leucine supplementation in novice trainees during a 12-week weight training programInt J Sports Physiol Perform.(2011 Mar)
    123. Creatine - Manjarrez-Montes de Oca R, Farfán-González F, Camarillo-Romero S, Tlatempa-Sotelo P, Francisco-Argüelles C, Kormanowski A, González-Gallego J, Alvear-Ordenes IEffects of creatine supplementation in taekwondo practitionersNutr Hosp.(2013 Mar-Apr)
    124. Creatine - Gotshalk LA, Kraemer WJ, Mendonca MA, Vingren JL, Kenny AM, Spiering BA, Hatfield DL, Fragala MS, Volek JSCreatine supplementation improves muscular performance in older womenEur J Appl Physiol.(2008 Jan)
    125. Velvet Antler - Syrotuik DG, MacFadyen KL, Harber VJ, Bell GJEffect of elk velvet antler supplementation on the hormonal response to acute and chronic exercise in male and female rowersInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2005 Aug)
    126. Caffeine - Schneiker KT, Bishop D, Dawson B, Hackett LPEffects of caffeine on prolonged intermittent-sprint ability in team-sport athletesMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2006 Mar)
    127. Chromium - Walker LS, Bemben MG, Bemben DA, Knehans AWChromium picolinate effects on body composition and muscular performance in wrestlersMed Sci Sports Exerc.(1998 Dec)
    128. Whey Protein - Weisgarber KD, Candow DG, Vogt E SMWhey Protein Before and During Resistance Exercise Has No Effect on Muscle Mass and Strength in Untrained Young AdultsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2012 Jul 4)
    129. Creatine - Cornish SM, Chilibeck PD, Burke DGThe effect of creatine monohydrate supplementation on sprint skating in ice-hockey playersJ Sports Med Phys Fitness.(2006 Mar)
    130. Resveratrol - Scribbans TD, Ma JK, Edgett BA, Vorobej KA, Mitchell AS, Zelt JG, Simpson CA, Quadrilatero J, Gurd BJResveratrol supplementation does not augment performance adaptations or fibre-type-specific responses to high-intensity interval training in humansAppl Physiol Nutr Metab.(2014 Nov)
    131. Creatine - Koenig CA, Benardot D, Cody M, Thompson WRComparison of creatine monohydrate and carbohydrate supplementation on repeated jump height performanceJ Strength Cond Res.(2008 Jul)
    132. Caffeine - Beaven CM, Hopkins WG, Hansen KT, Wood MR, Cronin JB, Lowe TEDose effect of caffeine on testosterone and cortisol responses to resistance exerciseInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2008 Apr)
    133. Sodium Bicarbonate - Edge J, Bishop D, Goodman CEffects of chronic NaHCO3 ingestion during interval training on changes to muscle buffer capacity, metabolism, and short-term endurance performanceJ Appl Physiol.(2006 Sep)
    134. Creatine - Wright GA, Grandjean PW, Pascoe DDThe effects of creatine loading on thermoregulation and intermittent sprint exercise performance in a hot humid environmentJ Strength Cond Res.(2007 Aug)
    135. Rhodiola Rosea - De Bock K, Eijnde BO, Ramaekers M, Hespel PAcute Rhodiola rosea intake can improve endurance exercise performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2004 Jun)
    136. Arginine - Wax B, Kavazis AN, Webb HE, Brown SPAcute L-arginine alpha ketoglutarate supplementation fails to improve muscular performance in resistance trained and untrained menJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2012 Apr 17)
    137. Theanine - A Juszkiewicz, A Glapa, P Basta, E Petriczko, K Żołnowski, B Machaliński, J Trzeciak, K Łuczkowska, A Skarpańska-StejnbornThe effect of L-theanine supplementation on the immune system of athletes exposed to strenuous physical exerciseJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2019 Feb 15)
    138. Astaxanthin - Earnest CP, Lupo M, White KM, Church TSEffect of astaxanthin on cycling time trial performanceInt J Sports Med.(2011 Nov)
    139. HMB - Portal S, Zadik Z, Rabinowitz J, Pilz-Burstein R, Adler-Portal D, Meckel Y, Cooper DM, Eliakim A, Nemet DThe effect of HMB supplementation on body composition, fitness, hormonal and inflammatory mediators in elite adolescent volleyball players: a prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studyEur J Appl Physiol.(2011 Sep)
    140. Caffeine - Cook C, Beaven CM, Kilduff LP, Drawer SAcute caffeine ingestion increases voluntarily chosen resistance training load following limited sleepInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2012 Feb 15)
    141. Creatine - Rosenfeld J, King RM, Jackson CE, Bedlack RS, Barohn RJ, Dick A, Phillips LH, Chapin J, Gelinas DF, Lou JSCreatine monohydrate in ALS: effects on strength, fatigue, respiratory status and ALSFRSAmyotroph Lateral Scler.(2008 Oct)
    142. Citrulline - Adam M Gonzalez, Robert W Spitz, Jamie J Ghigiarelli, Katie M Sell, Gerald T MangineAcute Effect of Citrulline Malate Supplementation on Upper-Body Resistance Exercise Performance in Recreationally Resistance-Trained MenJ Strength Cond Res.(2018 Nov)
    143. Vitamin D - Owens DJ, Sharples AP, Polydorou I, Alwan N, Donovan T, Tang J, Fraser WD, Cooper RG, Morton JP, Stewart C, Close GLA systems-based investigation into vitamin D and skeletal muscle repair, regeneration, and hypertrophyAm J Physiol Endocrinol Metab.(2015 Dec 15)
    144. Sodium Bicarbonate - Gaitanos GC, Nevill ME, Brooks S, Williams CRepeated bouts of sprint running after induced alkalosisJ Sports Sci.(1991 Winter)
    145. Creatine - Fuld JP, Kilduff LP, Neder JA, Pitsiladis Y, Lean ME, Ward SA, Cotton MMCreatine supplementation during pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseThorax.(2005 Jul)
    146. HMB - Vukovich MD, Stubbs NB, Bohlken RMBody composition in 70-year-old adults responds to dietary beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate similarly to that of young adultsJ Nutr.(2001 Jul)
    147. Creatine - Ferguson TB, Syrotuik DGEffects of creatine monohydrate supplementation on body composition and strength indices in experienced resistance trained womenJ Strength Cond Res.(2006 Nov)
    148. Anatabine - Jenkins ND, Housh TJ, Johnson GO, Traylor DA, Bergstrom HC, Cochrane KC, Lewis RW Jr, Schmidt RJ, Cramer JTThe effects of anatabine on non-invasive indicators of muscle damage: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover studyJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2013 Jul 22)
    149. Ashwagandha - Wankhede S, Langade D, Joshi K, Sinha SR, Bhattacharyya SExamining the effect of Withania somnifera supplementation on muscle strength and recovery: a randomized controlled trialJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2015 Nov 25)
    150. Creatine - Okudan N, Gokbel HThe effects of creatine supplementation on performance during the repeated bouts of supramaximal exerciseJ Sports Med Phys Fitness.(2005 Dec)
    151. Creatine - Kerksick CM, Wilborn CD, Campbell WI, Harvey TM, Marcello BM, Roberts MD, Parker AG, Byars AG, Greenwood LD, Almada AL, Kreider RB, Greenwood MThe effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation with and without D-pinitol on resistance training adaptationsJ Strength Cond Res.(2009 Dec)
    152. Yohimbine - Ostojic SMYohimbine: the effects on body composition and exercise performance in soccer playersRes Sports Med.(2006 Oct-Dec)
    153. Betaine - Trepanowski JF, Farney TM, McCarthy CG, Schilling BK, Craig SA, Bloomer RJThe effects of chronic betaine supplementation on exercise performance, skeletal muscle oxygen saturation and associated biochemical parameters in resistance trained menJ Strength Cond Res.(2011 Dec)
    154. Theaflavins - Arent SM, Senso M, Golem DL, McKeever KHThe effects of theaflavin-enriched black tea extract on muscle soreness, oxidative stress, inflammation, and endocrine responses to acute anaerobic interval training: a randomized, double-blind, crossover studyJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2010 Feb 23)
    155. Alpha-GPC - Tim Ziegenfuss, Jamie Landis and Jennifer HofheinsAcute supplementation with alpha-glycerylphosphorylcholine augments growth hormone response to, and peak force production during, resistance exerciseJISSN.()
    156. Caffeine - Glaister M, Howatson G, Abraham CS, Lockey RA, Goodwin JE, Foley P, McInnes GCaffeine supplementation and multiple sprint running performanceMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2008 Oct)
    157. Betaine - Lee EC, Maresh CM, Kraemer WJ, Yamamoto LM, Hatfield DL, Bailey BL, Armstrong LE, Volek JS, McDermott BP, Craig SAErgogenic effects of betaine supplementation on strength and power performanceJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2010 Jul 19)
    158. Creatine - Saremi A, Gharakhanloo R, Sharghi S, Gharaati MR, Larijani B, Omidfar KEffects of oral creatine and resistance training on serum myostatin and GASP-1Mol Cell Endocrinol.(2010 Apr 12)
    159. Creatine - Tarnopolsky MA, Roy BD, MacDonald JRA randomized, controlled trial of creatine monohydrate in patients with mitochondrial cytopathiesMuscle Nerve.(1997 Dec)
    160. Velvet Antler - Sleivert G, Burke V, Palmer C, Walmsley A, Gerrard D, Haines S, Littlejohn RThe effects of deer antler velvet extract or powder supplementation on aerobic power, erythropoiesis, and muscular strength and endurance characteristicsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2003 Sep)
    161. Caffeine - Glaister M, Patterson SD, Foley P, Pedlar CR, Pattison JR, McInnes GCaffeine and sprinting performance: dose responses and efficacyJ Strength Cond Res.(2012 Apr)
    162. Colostrum - Hofman Z, Smeets R, Verlaan G, Lugt Rv, Verstappen PAThe effect of bovine colostrum supplementation on exercise performance in elite field hockey playersInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2002 Dec)
    163. L-Tyrosine - Les Tumilty, Glen Davison, Manfred Beckmann, Rhys ThatcherFailure of oral tyrosine supplementation to improve exercise performance in the heatMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2014 Jul)
    164. Sodium Bicarbonate - Douroudos II, Fatouros IG, Gourgoulis V, Jamurtas AZ, Tsitsios T, Hatzinikolaou A, Margonis K, Mavromatidis K, Taxildaris KDose-related effects of prolonged NaHCO3 ingestion during high-intensity exerciseMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2006 Oct)
    165. Ephedrine - Williams AD, Cribb PJ, Cooke MB, Hayes AThe effect of ephedra and caffeine on maximal strength and power in resistance-trained athletesJ Strength Cond Res.(2008 Mar)
    166. L-Tyrosine - Li J, Zie FEffects of tyrosine supplementation ration on anaerobic sports capacity and plasma catecholamine levels in soccer athletesBiomed Res.()
    167. Creatine - Neves M Jr, Gualano B, Roschel H, Fuller R, Benatti FB, Pinto AL, Lima FR, Pereira RM, Lancha AH Jr, Bonfá EBeneficial effect of creatine supplementation in knee osteoarthritisMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2011 Aug)
    168. Creatine - Ahmun RP, Tong RJ, Grimshaw PNThe effects of acute creatine supplementation on multiple sprint cycling and running performance in rugby playersJ Strength Cond Res.(2005 Feb)
    169. Beta-Alanine - Derave W, Ozdemir MS, Harris RC, Pottier A, Reyngoudt H, Koppo K, Wise JA, Achten Ebeta-Alanine supplementation augments muscle carnosine content and attenuates fatigue during repeated isokinetic contraction bouts in trained sprintersJ Appl Physiol.(2007 Nov)
    170. Creatine - Law YL, Ong WS, GillianYap TL, Lim SC, Von Chia EEffects of two and five days of creatine loading on muscular strength and anaerobic power in trained athletesJ Strength Cond Res.(2009 May)
    171. Citrulline - Glenn JM, Gray M, Jensen A, Stone MS, Vincenzo JLAcute citrulline-malate supplementation improves maximal strength and anaerobic power in female, masters athletes tennis playersEur J Sport Sci.(2016 Nov)
    172. L-Carnitine - Smith WA, Fry AC, Tschume LC, Bloomer RJEffect of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine on aerobic and anaerobic exercise performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2008 Feb)
    173. Sodium Bicarbonate - Nielsen HB, Bredmose PP, Strømstad M, Volianitis S, Quistorff B, Secher NHBicarbonate attenuates arterial desaturation during maximal exercise in humansJ Appl Physiol.(2002 Aug)
    174. Colostrum - Coombes JS, Conacher M, Austen SK, Marshall PADose effects of oral bovine colostrum on physical work capacity in cyclistsMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2002 Jul)
    175. Sodium Bicarbonate - Artioli GG, Gualano B, Coelho DF, Benatti FB, Gailey AW, Lancha AH JrDoes sodium-bicarbonate ingestion improve simulated judo performanceInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2007 Apr)
    176. Sodium Bicarbonate - Tan F, Polglaze T, Cox G, Dawson B, Mujika I, Clark SEffects of induced alkalosis on simulated match performance in elite female water polo playersInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2010 Jun)
    177. Spirulina - Aggelos Pappas, Athanasios Tsiokanos, Ioannis G Fatouros, Athanasios Poulios, Dimitris Kouretas, Nikos Goutzourelas, Giannis Giakas, Athanasios Z JamurtasThe Effects of Spirulina Supplementation on Redox Status and Performance Following a Muscle Damaging ProtocolInt J Mol Sci.(2021 Mar 30)
    178. Creatine - Koçak S, Karli UEffects of high dose oral creatine supplementation on anaerobic capacity of elite wrestlersJ Sports Med Phys Fitness.(2003 Dec)
    179. HMB - Kreider RB, Ferreira M, Wilson M, Almada ALEffects of calcium beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation during resistance-training on markers of catabolism, body composition and strengthInt J Sports Med.(1999 Nov)
    180. Creatine - Graef JL, Smith AE, Kendall KL, Fukuda DH, Moon JR, Beck TW, Cramer JT, Stout JRThe effects of four weeks of creatine supplementation and high-intensity interval training on cardiorespiratory fitness: a randomized controlled trialJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2009 Nov 12)
    181. Creatine - Kilduff LP, Pitsiladis YP, Tasker L, Attwood J, Hyslop P, Dailly A, Dickson I, Grant SEffects of creatine on body composition and strength gains after 4 weeks of resistance training in previously nonresistance-trained humansInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2003 Dec)
    182. Tribulus Terrestris - Antonio J, Uelmen J, Rodriguez R, Earnest CThe effects of Tribulus terrestris on body composition and exercise performance in resistance-trained malesInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2000 Jun)
    183. Tribulus Terrestris - Rogerson S, Riches CJ, Jennings C, Weatherby RP, Meir RA, Marshall-Gradisnik SMThe effect of five weeks of Tribulus terrestris supplementation on muscle strength and body composition during preseason training in elite rugby league playersJ Strength Cond Res.(2007 May)
    184. Caffeine - Del Coso J, Salinero JJ, Gonzalez-Millan C, Abian-Vicen J, Perez-Gonzalez BDose response effects of a caffeine-containing energy drink on muscle performance: a repeated measures designJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2012 May 8)
    185. Vitamin C - Davison GW, Ashton T, George L, Young IS, McEneny J, Davies B, Jackson SK, Peters JR, Bailey DMMolecular detection of exercise-induced free radicals following ascorbate prophylaxis in type 1 diabetes mellitus: a randomised controlled trialDiabetologia.(2008 Nov)
    186. Creatine - Theodorou AS, Havenetidis K, Zanker CL, O'Hara JP, King RF, Hood C, Paradisis G, Cooke CBEffects of acute creatine loading with or without carbohydrate on repeated bouts of maximal swimming in high-performance swimmersJ Strength Cond Res.(2005 May)
    187. Creatine - Deacon SJ, Vincent EE, Greenhaff PL, Fox J, Steiner MC, Singh SJ, Morgan MDRandomized controlled trial of dietary creatine as an adjunct therapy to physical training in chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseAm J Respir Crit Care Med.(2008 Aug 1)
    188. Creatine - Chia-Lun Lee, Jung-Charng Lin, Ching-Feng ChengEffect of caffeine ingestion after creatine supplementation on intermittent high-intensity sprint performanceEur J Appl Physiol.(2011 Aug)
    189. Sodium Bicarbonate - Bishop D, Claudius BEffects of induced metabolic alkalosis on prolonged intermittent-sprint performanceMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2005 May)
    190. Vitamin D - Amirhossein Ramezani Ahmadi, Majid Mohammadshahi, Aliakbar Alizadeh, Kambiz Ahmadi Angali, Alireza JahanshahiEffects of vitamin D3 supplementation for 12 weeks on serum levels of anabolic hormones, anaerobic power, and aerobic performance in active male subjects: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trialEur J Sport Sci.(2020 Nov)
    191. Colostrum - Brinkworth GD, Buckley JD, Slavotinek JP, Kurmis APEffect of bovine colostrum supplementation on the composition of resistance trained and untrained limbs in healthy young menEur J Appl Physiol.(2004 Jan)
    192. Creatine - Christian P Braegger, Uwe Schlattner, Theo Wallimann, Anna Utiger, Friederike Frank, Beat Schaefer, Claus W Heizmann, Felix H SennhauserEffects of creatine supplementation in cystic fibrosis: results of a pilot studyJ Cyst Fibros.(2003 Dec)
    193. Whey Protein - Andersen LL, Tufekovic G, Zebis MK, Crameri RM, Verlaan G, Kjaer M, Suetta C, Magnusson P, Aagaard PThe effect of resistance training combined with timed ingestion of protein on muscle fiber size and muscle strengthMetabolism.(2005 Feb)
    194. Arginine - Liu TH, Wu CL, Chiang CW, Lo YW, Tseng HF, Chang CKNo effect of short-term arginine supplementation on nitric oxide production, metabolism and performance in intermittent exercise in athletesJ Nutr Biochem.(2009 Jun)
    195. Branched-Chain Amino Acids - Portier H, Chatard JC, Filaire E, Jaunet-Devienne MF, Robert A, Guezennec CYEffects of branched-chain amino acids supplementation on physiological and psychological performance during an offshore sailing raceEur J Appl Physiol.(2008 Nov)
    196. Creatine - Cramer JT, Stout JR, Culbertson JY, Egan ADEffects of creatine supplementation and three days of resistance training on muscle strength, power output, and neuromuscular functionJ Strength Cond Res.(2007 Aug)
    197. Creatine - Selsby JT, DiSilvestro RA, Devor STMg2+-creatine chelate and a low-dose creatine supplementation regimen improve exercise performanceJ Strength Cond Res.(2004 May)
    198. Colostrum - Antonio J, Sanders MS, Van Gammeren DThe effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in active men and womenNutrition.(2001 Mar)
    199. Whey Protein - Hoffman JR, Ratamess NA, Tranchina CP, Rashti SL, Kang J, Faigenbaum ADEffect of protein-supplement timing on strength, power, and body-composition changes in resistance-trained menInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2009 Apr)
    200. Creatine - Volek JS, Mazzetti SA, Farquhar WB, Barnes BR, Gómez AL, Kraemer WJPhysiological responses to short-term exercise in the heat after creatine loadingMed Sci Sports Exerc.(2001 Jul)
    201. Citrulline - Joshua L Gills, Jordan M Glenn, Michelle Gray, Braden Romer, Hocheng LuAcute citrulline-malate supplementation is ineffective during aerobic cycling and subsequent anaerobic performance in recreationally active malesEur J Sport Sci.(2020 Feb 18)
    202. L-Carnitine - Jacobs PL, Goldstein ER, Blackburn W, Orem I, Hughes JJGlycine propionyl-L-carnitine produces enhanced anaerobic work capacity with reduced lactate accumulation in resistance trained malesJ Int Soc Sports Nutr.(2009 Apr 2)
    203. HMB - Wei Hung, Tsung-Han Liu, Chung-Yu Chen, Chen-Kang ChangEffect of β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate Supplementation During Energy Restriction in Female Judo AthletesJournal of Exercise Science & Fitness.()
    204. Citrulline - Stephen J Bailey, Jamie R Blackwell, Terrence Lord, Anni Vanhatalo, Paul G Winyard, Andrew M Jonesl-Citrulline supplementation improves O2 uptake kinetics and high-intensity exercise performance in humansJ Appl Physiol (1985).(2015 Aug 15)
    205. Ashwagandha - Ziegenfuss TN, Kedia AW, Sandrock JE, Raub BJ, Kerksick CM, Lopez HLEffects of an Aqueous Extract of Withania somnifera on Strength Training Adaptations and Recovery: The STAR TrialNutrients.(2018 Nov 20)
    206. Nitrate - Fulford J, Winyard PG, Vanhatalo A, Bailey SJ, Blackwell JR, Jones AMInfluence of dietary nitrate supplementation on human skeletal muscle metabolism and force production during maximum voluntary contractionsPflugers Arch.(2013 Jan 26)
    207. Creatine - Hespel P, Op't Eijnde B, Van Leemputte M, Ursø B, Greenhaff PL, Labarque V, Dymarkowski S, Van Hecke P, Richter EAOral creatine supplementation facilitates the rehabilitation of disuse atrophy and alters the expression of muscle myogenic factors in humansJ Physiol.(2001 Oct 15)
    208. N-Acetylcysteine - Cobley JN, McGlory C, Morton JP, Close GLN-Acetylcysteine Attenuates Fatigue Following Repeated-Bouts of Intermittent Exercise: Practical Implications for Tournament SituationsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2011 Aug 29)
    209. Tart Cherry Juice - Keane KM, Bailey SJ, Vanhatalo A, Jones AM, Howatson GEffects of montmorency tart cherry (L. Prunus Cerasus) consumption on nitric oxide biomarkers and exercise performance.Scand J Med Sci Sports.(2018-Jul)
    210. Magnesium - Córdova A, Mielgo-Ayuso J, Roche E, Caballero-García A, Fernandez-Lázaro DImpact of Magnesium Supplementation in Muscle Damage of Professional Cyclists Competing in a Stage Race.Nutrients.(2019-Aug-16)
    211. Sauna - Dariusz Sitkowski, Tomasz Cisoń, Zbigniew Szygula, Olga Surała, Michał Starczewski, Dorota Sadowska, Jadwiga Malczewska-LenczowskaHematological Adaptations to Post-Exercise Sauna Bathing with No Fluid Intake: A Randomized Cross-Over StudyRes Q Exerc Sport.(2021 Nov 2)
    212. Tongkat Ali - Chen CK, Ooi FK, Abu Kasim NA, Asari MAEffects of Jack Supplementation Combined with Resistance Training on Isokinetic Muscular Strength and Power, Anaerobic Power, and Urinary Testosterone: Epitestosterone Ratio in Young Males.Int J Prev Med.(2019)
    213. Creatine - Dos Santos EEP, de Araújo RC, Candow DG, Forbes SC, Guijo JA, de Almeida Santana CC, Prado WLD, Botero JPEfficacy of Creatine Supplementation Combined with Resistance Training on Muscle Strength and Muscle Mass in Older Females: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Nutrients.(2021-Oct-24)
    214. Creatine - Forbes SC, Candow DG, Ostojic SM, Roberts MD, Chilibeck PDMeta-Analysis Examining the Importance of Creatine Ingestion Strategies on Lean Tissue Mass and Strength in Older Adults.Nutrients.(2021-Jun-02)
    215. Creatine - Wu Y, Hu X, Chen LEffects of Creatine in Trained Athletes: A Meta-analysis of 21 Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trials.Am J Ther.(2020)
    216. Creatine - Kenji Doma, Akhilesh Kumar Ramachandran, Daniel Boullosa, Jonathan ConnorThe Paradoxical Effect of Creatine Monohydrate on Muscle Damage Markers: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysisSports Med.(2022 Feb 26)
    217. Creatine - Bethany Northeast, Tom CliffordThe Effect of Creatine Supplementation on Markers of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human Intervention TrialsInt J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab.(2021 Feb 24)
    218. Creatine - Mielgo-Ayuso J, Calleja-Gonzalez J, Marqués-Jiménez D, Caballero-García A, Córdova A, Fernández-Lázaro DEffects of Creatine Supplementation on Athletic Performance in Soccer Players: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Nutrients.(2019-Mar-31)
    219. Creatine - Philip D Chilibeck, Mojtaba Kaviani, Darren G Candow, Gordon A ZelloEffect of creatine supplementation during resistance training on lean tissue mass and muscular strength in older adults: a meta-analysisOpen Access J Sports Med.(2017 Nov 2)
    220. Creatine - Lanhers C, Pereira B, Naughton G, Trousselard M, Lesage FX, Dutheil FCreatine Supplementation and Upper Limb Strength Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.Sports Med.(2017-Jan)
    221. Creatine - Charlotte Lanhers, Bruno Pereira, Geraldine Naughton, Marion Trousselard, François-Xavier Lesage, Frédéric DutheilCreatine Supplementation and Lower Limb Strength Performance: A Systematic Review and Meta-AnalysesSports Med.(2015 Sep)
    222. Creatine - Kley RA, Tarnopolsky MA, Vorgerd MCreatine for treating muscle disorders.Cochrane Database Syst Rev.(2013-Jun-05)
    223. Whey Protein - Lam FC, Bukhsh A, Rehman H, Waqas MK, Shahid N, Khaliel AM, Elhanish A, Karoud M, Telb A, Khan TMEfficacy and Safety of Whey Protein Supplements on Vital Sign and Physical Performance Among Athletes: A Network Meta-Analysis.Front Pharmacol.(2019)
    224. Red Light Therapy - Luo WT, Lee CJ, Tam KW, Huang TWEffects of Low-Level Laser Therapy on Muscular Performance and Soreness Recovery in Athletes: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.Sports Health.(2022)